HOME




The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Fruit Growers Association


By-Laws of the Fruit Growers
Association of Southern Oregon.
    Sec. 1. This association shall hold its regular meetings on the fourth Saturday in every month.
    Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the president to preside at all regular and special meetings, to keep order during the hours of session; and to draw all warrants on the treasurer for any sum voted by a majority of the members present at any meeting, regular or special.
    Sec. 3. The president shall have power to appoint any person to fill vacancies until the day of general election.
    Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the vice-president to preside at any meeting in the absence of the president, and to discharge all the duties of said officer.
    Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of the secretary to keep a fair record of all the proceedings of the association, to record the same in a book kept for the purpose; and to countersign all warrants drawn on the treasurer by the president. To receive and keep an account of all moneys voted and collected by the association, pay the same to the treasurer and take a receipt; also the date, number and amount of each order countersigned by him, and the purpose for which said order was drawn.
    Sec. 6. The treasurer shall keep in trust all moneys committed to his care and shall pay out on any order drawn by the president, and countersigned by the secretary, any sum of money so ordered. He shall keep a record of the amount of money paid to him, and the amount paid out; the purpose for which it was paid and carefully retain all orders paid which shall be his vouchers, for the amount so charged against him on the records of the Society; and shall make a report of the financial condition of the association at every regular meeting.


Roll
Members of the Fruit Growers
Association of Southern Oregon.
Names
B. F. Miller
G. F. Pennebaker
H. W. Shipley
G. F. Shmidtlein
J. Henry Griffis
Z. M. Hall
Wm. M. Colvig
Tobias Miller
Henry Clock
Joseph Douden
W. H. Newton
Thos. Haymond
John B. Wrisley
R. F. Maury
W. Beeson
John W. Smith
Arthur Willson [sic]
I. B. Williams
A. L. Johnson
Abram C. Speer
H. F. Wood
Levi Gartman
W. H. Atkinson
J. M. McCall
G. F. McConnell
L. Martin
D. B. Bier
S. B. Galey
E. S. Townsend
J. H. Chitwood
F. Roper
J. W. Almutt
Robert Goodyear
Abram Bish
W. C. Myer
P. Lyttleton
C. B. Stone
John B. R. Hutchings
H. J. Teil
A. P. Hammond
W. H. Leeds
Ole Severson
S. J. Day
W. S. Fritzgerald
Martin Peterson
G. A. Hubbell
John E. Ross
R. S. Dunlap
I. W. Thomas
S. E. Stearns
W. T. Leever
Jesse Richardson
C. C. Beekman
H. McElroy
Edward Piening
James McDonough
A. H. Carson
Geo. W. Lewis
S. A. Borough
J. S. Gage
H. B. Miller
C. Wells
J. S. Denise
C. W. Clarke
Frank Dukes
I. J. Duncan
C. B. Miller
A. M. Jess
Fred Giger
Sam'l. Harkness
J. H. Stine
A. J. Leage
Thos. Curry
J. E. Potter
E. P. Geary
J. R. Cooper
T. M. Griffis
J. N. Woody
Thomas Hopwood
Wm. Kahler
M. A. McGinnis
Geo. A. Jackson
Scott Morris
L. P. Clark
G. W. Daley
W. P. Hammon
E. K. Anderson
F. T. Downing
J. W. Marksbury
S. W. Edwards
J. E. Pease
Robert A. Miller
S. S. Pentz
Ed C. Phelps
David Allen
J. N. T. Miller
C. Magruder
J. J. Frayer
Jas. McDonough
Dr. Geo. Kahler
G. Naylor
E. W. Hammon
J. H. Downing
C. A. Nutley
E. J. Kaiser
E. E. Gore
B. F. Adkins
F. J. Creed
Julius Goldsmith
H. E. Baker
P. W. Olwell
W. W. French
T. A. Newman
Minutes of Fruit Growers meeting       
Held at Gold Hill       
Jan. 22nd 1885.       
    According to previous notice the representatives of the fruit growers of Southern Oregon assembled at W. S. Fritzgerald's store for the purpose of permanent organization. The meeting was called to order by B. F. Miller, who was elected president (pro tempore). On motion J. H. Griffis was called upon to act as temporary secretary. The chair then appointed Messrs. H. W. Shipley, G. F. Pennebaker and Thomas Haymond as a committee on organization, after which the committee withdrew.
    Wm. M. Colvig then delivered an interesting speech on the future possibilities of the fruit growing industry of Southern Oregon. At the close of his remarks the committee on organization presented their report, and offered the following constitution and by-laws, which were passed upon, one section at a time, and accepted.
(To Wit)
Constitution.
    Sec. 2. [sic] The object of this association shall be to unite the fruit growers of Southern Oregon in promoting the best interests of the Society. For the purpose of an interchange of ideas as to the best manner of improving the different varieties of fruit, and the best modes of putting the same on the market; and the adoption of such means and measures as this body in its wisdom may think proper for the general interest of those herein represented.
    Sec. 1. This association shall be called "The Fruit Growers Association of Southern Oregon."
    Sec. 3. The officers of his association shall consist of a president, two vice-presidents, a secretary and treasurer.
    Sec. 4. The officers of this association shall be elected by ballot, and to serve for one year and until their successors are elected and qualified.
    Sec. 5. Any person who is engaged in agricultural pursuits may become a member of this body by signing the constitution and by-laws and paying into the treasury the sum of fifty cents.
    Sec. 6. This constitution or by-laws may be altered or amended by a vote of two-thirds of the members present at any regular meeting.
By-Laws
    Sec. 1. This association shall hold its regular meetings on the fourth Saturday in every month.
    Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the president to preside at all regular and special meetings, to keep order during the hours of session, and to draw all warrants on the treasurer for any sum voted by a majority of the members present at any meeting, regular or special.
    Sec. 3. The president shall have power to appoint any person to fill vacancies until the day of general election.
    Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the vice-president to preside at any meeting in the absence of the president, and to discharge all the duties of said officer.
    Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of the secretary to keep a fair record of all the proceedings of the association; to record the same in a book kept for the purpose, and to countersign all warrants drawn on the treasurer by the president. To receive and keep an account of all moneys voted and collected by the association; pay the same to treasurer and take a receipt, also the date, number and amount of each order and countersigned by him, and the purpose for which said order was drawn.
    Sec. 6. The treasurer shall keep in trust all moneys committed to his care and shall pay out on any order drawn by the president and countersigned by the secretary, any sum of money so ordered. He shall keep a record of the amount of money paid to him, and the amount paid out; the purpose for which it was paid and carefully retain all orders paid, which shall be his vouchers for the amount so charged against him on the records of the society; and shall make a report of the financial condition of the association at every regular meeting.
    Committee on Organization
        H. W. Shipley
        G. F. Pennebaker
        Thomas Haymond
    The following gentlemen then came forward and signed the constitution and by-laws: B. F. Miller, G. F. Pennebaker, H. W. Shipley, G. F. Shmidtlein, J. H. Griffis, Z. M. Hall, Wm. M. Colvig, Tobias Miller, Henry Clock, Joseph Douden, W. H. Newton, Thomas Haymond. After which the members proceeded to the election of officers. On motion of H. W. Shipley, G. F. Pennebaker was placed in nomination for president. On motion of Wm. M. Colvig, B. F. Miller was nominated for the same office. The nominations were then closed, and the society proceeded to vote by ballot. B. F. Miller, receiving the largest number of votes, was declared elected president.
    W. H. [sic] Shipley and G. F. Pennebaker were nominated as vice-presidents. The rules were suspended, and the above-named gentlemen were elected by acclamation.
    Wm. M. Colvig was unanimously elected treasurer, and J. H. Griffis secretary.
    H. W. Shipley moved that the next meeting of the association take place at Medford, on the 28th day of next February; carried. On motion of G. F. Pennebaker the association returned a vote of thanks to Mr. Fritzgerald for his kindness and accommodation. The secretary was instructed to send a copy of the proceedings of this meeting to the local  papers, and to purchase books suitable for keeping a record of the proceedings of the organization. It was resolved by motion of H. W. Shipley that every member present be considered a committee of one to solicit members. H. W. Shipley addressed the meeting, and spoke of the necessity of determined action on the part of members in the beginning of this very important move, until all the fruit growers of Southern Oregon are enlisted in the cause, and fully realize the benefits that will accrue to them from concerted action.
    G. F. Pennebaker offered some very wise remarks in regard to the sectional feeling that exists between different business points in this community and earnestly urged the fruit growers of Southern Oregon to rise above such a narrow-minded policy and let individual interest give way to such measures as are for the general good. On motion of G. F. Shmidtlein the meeting adjourned.
                J. Henry Griffis
                    Secretary

Minutes of Fruit Growers meeting       
Held at Medford       
Feb. 28th 1885.       
President B. F. Miller in the chair
    The secretary was instructed to call the roll, and read the minutes of previous meeting. On motion of John B. Wrisley, the minutes were adopted as read. W. Beeson addressed the house on the advantages to be derived from united action among fruit growers and gave it as his opinion that so soon as they learned to put up their fruit in a neat, attractive manner, and were able to furnish sufficient quantities to attract the attention of the markets of the northwestern country, the demand would equal the supply, and at good prices. John B. Wrisley said that he had tried the experiment of shipping fruit in small quantities, and found it would not pay. By associating together and loading a car or several of them at a time, the fruit growers could receive a handsome profit, owing to the difference in the cost of transportation. J. H. Stewart said that while he was a stranger to our soil and climate, he was not a stranger to a horticultural society, for he had belonged to one for years and knew they were of great benefit to the fruit interest. He desired to impress upon the minds of the gentlemen present that too much care could not be taken in selecting varieties of fruit before planting orchards. While there were many varieties of fruit that possessed merit, there were but few kinds that would prove profitable to ship for the general market. J. W. Smith made a spirited speech recommending our apples as being superior to those of California or the eastern states, and looked forward to an increased demand for them. From apple trees eight and ten years old, he gathered last fall of each ten to fifteen bushels of apples of fine quality; and from pear trees four years old last year received a profit of two dollars to the tree. Arthur Wilson gave his experience in planting fruit trees in different kinds of soil. On motion it was decided to hold the next meeting at Ashland on Saturday, March 28th 1885. On motion of W. Beeson, B. F. Miller was selected to enquire into the different varieties of fruit and ascertain what kinds are best adapted for shipping and would be the most profitable to raise. The society returned a vote of thanks to Mr. Byer for the use of his hall, and instructed the secretary to send a copy of these proceedings to the county papers for publication.
    A. L. Johnson made a rousing speech, a portion of which was as follows, "I consider this the beginning of one of the grandest moves that has ever been inaugurated in Southern Oregon. I looked upon the Grange as one of the greatest benefits to the producing class of the United States, and attribute its present backwardness to the fact that the farmer being set off to himself and accustomed to rule his little kingdom as a monarch unquestioned in his authority he has failed to learn the necessity of commingling with his fellow man for mutual advantage. You must learn to give and take in the interchange of ideas and fight the evil not the man, or you can never hope to have an equal show with men in other branches of business. The merchant has his chamber of commerce. The mechanic has trades unions and so on in nearly all branches of business men are associated together for mutual protection. Why should not the fruit growers stand together and work for each other's interest in securing a market and remunerative prices for their fruit? I cannot too strongly urge upon you the necessity of protecting the birds; they are your friends. Wherever the birds have been destroyed insects have never failed to become troublesome pests. Protect your birds, they are a part of the equilibrium of nature. The game belongs to the man that cultivates the soil; you should guard it well if you would foster your own interest."
    Messrs. W. Beeson, J. W. Smith and G. F. Pennebaker were appointed as a committee to secure a hall for the next regular meeting. On motion of J. H. Griffis the meeting adjourned.
                J. Henry Griffis
                    Secretary

Minutes of Fruit Growers meeting       
Held at Myer's Hall Ashland       
March 28th 1885       
    Meeting called to order by vice-president G. F. Pennebaker. By order of the chair the secretary read the constitution and by-laws. Call of the roll was omitted. Nineteen prominent gentlemen came forward, signed the constitution and by-laws and became members of the association. The minutes of previous meeting were read and approved. The secretary read a communication from president B. F. Miller stating that it was impossible for him to attend without neglecting important business at home. He also reported progress in the matter of gaining information and making a report as to what varieties of fruit can be shipped at the most profit. Wm. M. Colvig handed in his resignation as treasurer, which was received. Abram Bish was nominated for treasurer, the rules were suspended and he was elected by acclamation. It was moved and seconded that W. M. Colvig, ex-treasurer, should pass over to the secretary what money he had in his possession belonging to the association; carried. W. H. Wickham spoke of the necessity of having a fruit cannery at Ashland, and thought there would be some effort made this year toward starting one. G. F. McConnell said, "I have shipped peaches from Ashland successfully; they were of fine quality and found ready sale. I have also shipped a quantity of apples this season which brought a higher price than any other apples in the market. The railroad companies already are offering reduced rates for the transportation of fruits and with proper solicitation by this association might be induced to be still more liberal. We should endeavor to have one good house in San Francisco and one in Portland that we could rely upon to receive our fruit. The Early Crawford is the favorite peach, and the Northern Spy and Fall Pippin apples the best to ship, in my estimation." Mr. McConnell was followed by several other gentlemen who made remarks upon the preparation of the soil before planting orchards, gave different methods of planting trees in order to have the rows straight and at right angles, and discussed the question of high and low training for fruit trees. W. C. Myers while he was back east took with him some specimens of apples and pears which he said astonished the people there. On being asked by a number present what kinds of fruit were best adapted to this country, he named several kinds that he had tested and proved to be a success which were of excellent quality, but remarked that perhaps some of the new kinds now being introduced might be much better and if so they must be very good. On motion of J. H. Chitwood, the president, secretary and treasurer were authorized as a permanent committee empowered to select specimens of fruit and forward to the state Board of Immigration, for the purpose of being placed on exhibition in their rooms at Portland. On motion of J. M. McCall the chair was empowered to appoint a committee of three to revise and improve the present constitution and report at the next regular meeting. The chair appointed A. L. Johnson of Medford, W. Beeson of Wagner Creek and S. B. Galey of Ashland as the committee. On motion of W. H. Atkinson, L. Martin and Abram Bish were appointed to solicit persons engaged in fruit culture to become members of the association. The next regular meeting was ordered to take place at Jacksonville on Saturday April 25th 1885. A vote of thanks was tendered Mr. Myer for the free use of his hall. On motion of J. M. McCall the meeting adjourned.
            J. Henry Griffis
                Secretary

Minutes of Fruit Growers meeting       
Held at Jacksonville April 25th 1885.       
    Meeting called to order by president B. F. Miller. The constitution and by-laws were read, and the roll called. Ole Severson, S. J. Day, W. S. Fritzgerald, Martin Peterson, G. A. Hubbell, S. E. Stearns, W. T. Leever, John E. Ross, R. S. Dunlap, I. W. Thomas, Jesse Richardson, C. C. Beekman, H. McElroy, Frank Krause and Chas. Nickell joined the association. The minutes of previous meeting were then read and approved. B. F. Miller presented the report on the question of varieties of fruit and their adaptability for shipping. He also read a communication from Capt. Morgan of Portland on the subject. Mr. Miller's report was received as far as given, and he was requested by the association to continue his enquiries and make a further report at some future time. The secretary read a communication from J. P. Rogers, general freight agent of the Oregon and California Railroad, stating that any specimens of fruit the association desired to forward to the state Board of Immigration would be carried free of charge over their line.
    G. A. Hubbell offered the following resolution; Whereas the state Board of Immigration has invited each county in this state to organize a county board of immigration to supplement its work, Therefore be it resolved that
    The committee appointed by the association at last meeting to forward specimens of fruit to the state Board of Immigration be ordered to wait on the county commissioners to induce them to cooperate with the association in organizing a county board of immigration. Considerable discussion took place on the motion. W. M. Colvig, John E. Ross, G. A. Hubbell and several other gentlemen spoke on the question. On being put to a vote the resolution was adopted unanimously. John B. Wrisley moved that the president appoint a gentleman from each important district in the county to sit with the committee appointed to confer with the county commissioners on the immigration question; the motion was carried. The president appointed G. F. McConnell, G. F. Pennebaker, Martin Peterson, John B. Wrisley, G. A. Hubbell, R. F. Maury and Thomas Haymond. G. F. Pennebaker was chosen chairman of the committee. H. McElroy of Grants Pass favored the house with a short speech which demonstrated him to be a clear and impressive speaker; he assured the association that the citizens of Grants Pass and vicinity would not be lacking in enterprise and sympathy with the fruit growers of Southern Oregon. G. F. Pennebaker moved that we meet at Jacksonville on Saturday June 27th 1885 for the purpose of deciding where the association shall establish permanent headquarters; motion carried. The next regular meeting was ordered to take place at Grants Pass May 30th 1885. On motion of Martin Peterson the meeting adjourned.
            J. Henry Griffis
                Sec., Fruit Growers of Southern Ogn

Fruit Growers meeting held at       
Grants Pass May 30th 1885.       
    President B. F. Miller in the chair. The constitution and by-laws were read. Eighteen gentlemen became members of the association. Reading of the minutes was omitted in order to save time. C. W. Clarke spoke on the question of hop culture, and said that he had been informed by dealers to whom he had sent samples of hops from the vicinity of Woodville that they were superior to any grown on this coast. Mr. Clarke requested the association to take up the hop question and include hop culture as well as fruit growing. On motion it was ordered the association take up the hop question at the next regular meeting. Hon. H. B. Miller made a short but very enthusiastic speech; he considered fruit growing was destined to be the leading industry of Southern Oregon. He said some of the Portland people think we have no good fruit, because shippers have been so careless in assorting and packing their fruit for market when it arrives, thus throwing discredit on fruit growers and depreciating the market value of our fruit. There is work to do. I will do all in my power for the Association. A. H. Carson made a fluent speech; among other things he said, I know we [have] the best of fruit lands. Land that will produce forest trees will produce fruit trees. While we can grow many varieties of fruit almost to perfection, in apples we leave [sic] the world. Our high lands are the best for fruit; it is not necessary to irrigate; trees, if properly cultivated, do well without irrigation, and the quality of the fruit is better from unirrigated trees. Col. J. S. Gage likes this climate better than the climate either north or south of here. He said he had received information which led him to believe the railroad would soon be completed [i.e., to California--it was completed in 1887]. On motion the president was instructed to appoint someone to speak or write on some particular kind of fruit at every meeting. J. H. Stine, the editor of the Grants Pass Courier, expressed his willingness to do what he could for the fruit growers, and invited members to send communications to him in reference to the culture of the different fruits, and he would be only too glad to publish them. C. W. Clarke suggested that the members of the association were becoming quite numerous, and if everyone would give his knowledge and experience the result would be a vast fund of useful information such as would astonish many of us. He found that some of our members were overmodest, that while they might possess knowledge they did not deem of much importance, it would probably be the very thing that someone else was looking for. On motion the meeting adjourned to meet at Jacksonville Saturday June 27th 1885, at one o'clock p.m.
            J. Henry Griffis
                Secretary

Minutes of Fruit Growers Convention       
held at Jacksonville June 27th 1885.       
    The house was called to order by vice-president G. F. Pennebaker; the roll called; and the minutes of the two previous meetings read and approved.
    On motion it was resolved that hop culture be considered one of the interests of the Fruit Growers Association. A communication from C. W. Clarke on hop culture was read by the secretary.
    The question of locating the headquarters of the Fruit Growers Association was then taken up. Gold Hill and Jacksonville were placed in nomination; the vote was taken by ballot. Whole number of votes cast 13, Gold Hill receiving 6 and Jacksonville 7. Jacksonville was therefore designated as the future headquarters of the association. On motion of R. F. Maury the association resolved to hold its annual meeting on the 8th day of October 1885 at one o'clock p.m. C. C. Beekman moved that the association hold a horticultural exhibition at their annual meeting October next, lasting one or two days, according to the discretion of the permanent officers of the association; carried.
    The chair was empowered to appoint a committee of five to make arrangements for the exhibition. On motion of Martin Peterson the association invited all persons interested in fruit growing and hop culture to preserve such fruit as could not be exhibited green in order that as many kinds may be exhibited as possible.
    On motion of Wm. M. Colvig it was ordered that the secretary of this association be allowed $20.00 per annum for his services and all expenses while in the employ of the association. On motion it was ordered that the secretary be paid what money is now on hand (twenty-nine dollars) to remunerate him for money expended and services rendered up to this time. A communication from an experienced orchardist on pruning was read before the association. On motion of Martin Peterson the meeting adjourned.
            J. Henry Griffis
                Secretary

Minutes of Fruit Growers meeting       
held at Jacksonville Aug 26th 1885       
Special Meeting.
    Pres. B. F. Miller in the chair. The object of the meeting was to make arrangements for an exhibition in Oct. next. But owing to a lack of public spirit and the scarcity of choice samples of fruit, caused by the late unusual frost last spring, a motion was made and carried to postpone the exhibit until next year. The committee on finance and arrangements for the exhibition were discharged. The committee on constitution and by-laws, appointed March 28th 1885, was also discharged.
    A. H. Carson of Josephine was appointed to deliver an address on the peach.
    Hon. H. B. Miller was also appointed to deliver an oration and choose his own subject. L. D. Brown of Portland addressed the meeting a few minutes. On motion of G. F. Pennebaker the meeting adjourned.
            J. H. Griffis,
                Secretary.

Jacksonville, Oct. 8th, 1885.           
    The Fruit Growers of Southern Oregon met today at 1 o'clock.
    The house was called to order by the president B. F. Miller. The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved. Col. R. F. Maury presented the association with a large bucket full of choice samples of apples and pears, consisting of the Ben Davis, Dutch Mignon, Sady and Baldwin apple, and the Beurre de Anjou pear. Wm. Kahler presented a very fine basket of fruit containing specimens of the Yellow Bellflower and Belmont apple, second crop Bartlett pear, also sweet potatoes of the Nancemond variety weighing  between 2½ and 3 pounds. B. F. Miller exhibited a splendid specimen of the Souvenir du Congres pear, and gave an extended report on varieties of fruit most suitable for shipping purposes. A. H. Carson addressed the meeting at some length and dwelt particularly on the cultivation of the peach. Mr. Carson gave it as his experience, together with the knowledge gathered from others on the subject, that it is best to plant peach trees about 16½ ft. apart; see that the ground is well drained to a depth of 30 inches and in planting set the trees the same depth as in the nursery. In pruning he considered it best to head low about 18 inches from the ground in order to protect the trunk of the tree from the heat of the sun. Keep the tree well balanced and cut back one-third of the new growth every year. It was Mr. Carson's opinion that Rogue River Valley could find a large market for late peaches in California. Speeches were made on the merits and demerits of irrigation in fruit raising by Col. John Ross, Wm. Kahler, esq., A. H. Carson and Col. R. F. Maury. On motion Mr. L. P. Clark was invited to deliver an address before the Fruit Growers on any subject he should choose. The meeting adjourned subject to the call of the president.
            J. H. Griffis,
                Secretary.

Minutes of Fruit Growers Meeting       
Held at Jacksonville February 27th 1886.       
    President B. F. Miller the chair.
    By the request of the members, the constitution and by-laws were read, and the minutes of last meeting approved.
    The next in order being the election of officers, it was decided on motion of C. C. Beekman to suspend the rules and vote by acclamation the following officers and then elected unanimously B. F. Miller president, G. F. Pennebaker and H. W. Shipley vice-president, Abram Bish treasurer and J. H. Griffis secretary. After discussing various subjects connected with fruit culture, a motion was made by Col. R. F. Maury to adjourn subject to the call of the president.
            J. H. Griffis,
                Secretary.

Minutes of Fruit Growers Meeting       
held in Jacksonville Feby. 25, 1888       
    President B. F. Miller occupied the chair. Owing to the resignation of the secy. the president appointed C. B. Miller secretary pro tem.
    Reading the minutes of last minute was postponed till next meeting.
    By request of new members, the constitution and by-laws were read.
    By a two-thirds vote of the members present, the by-laws were amended and six vice-presidents instead of only two were elected.
    The next in order being the election of officers, the following persons were elected for the term of one year.
    R. A. Miller president; B. F. Miller, Thos. Curry, I. W. Thomas, H. B. Miller, S. B. Galey and J. H. Stewart vice-pres.; C. B. Miller secretary, and J. D. Whitman, treasurer.
    The newly elected president made an enthusiastic initiatory address urging the members of the Association to action and interest in fruit business. He presented many interesting facts and worthy of consideration by the members of the Asso. The speaker advised advertising and gave many proofs of the advantages by instances of his own experience and that of other men of business.
    Packing and shipping was talked about intelligently; shipping only the best was especially advised.
    Plans for the protection of the fruit business from fraudulent dealers who desire to use brands and trademarks having a good reputation was duly discussed. To this end the Association considered the merits of a trademark.
    Mr. Marksbury made prudent remarks on fruit culture, also as to the best manner of disposing of the crops. Suggestions were offered by several members requesting that preparations should be made to have speaking on different subjects on next meeting. Accordingly the president appointed the following speakers: B. F. Miller on budding & grafting, W. P. Hammon on drying, R. F. Maury on strawberry culture and J. E. Pease on pruning. The right of all members to make reply or criticisms was reserved; the attendance of the appointed speakers at next meeting was especially desired.
    A motion by I. W. Thomas was made to hold next meeting at Medford on Saturday March 31, 1888.
    By motion the meeting was adjourned.
        C. B. Miller, secretary.

Minutes of the Fruit Growers Meeting       
    Following are the proceedings of the last meeting of the Southern Oregon Fruit Growers Association, held at Medford Saturday March 31, 1888.
    The house was called to order by pres. R. A. Miller. The secretary was instructed to read the minutes of previous meeting which were approved as read. An invitation was then given to those who desired to become members of the Association and Mr.  E. C. Phelps came forward and signed the roll.
    The trademark business was brought up for discussion and wisely handled by men who are informed on the subject. Mr. Whitman reviewed many advantages secured by this means of protection, also the indispensable necessity of proper means to discourage careless packing [of] fruit to be shipped to distant markets. He says, "Great injury is done to the business by indolent men."
    Mr. Pentz explained very plainly the necessary steps to be taken to secure a trademark. He says first choose a name, secondly draw a diagram of proper design and send to the Secretary of State, and if not already on record it can at once be established. A motion to adopt a trademark was carried.
    Mr. Whitman then made a motion to appoint Mr. Pentz as a committee of one to draw a design for said trademark. By request of Mr. Pentz a motion was carried requiring all members to select a design and to be presented at next meeting or to be handed to Mr. S. S. Pentz of Medford or C. B. Miller of Gold Hill personally.
    The subject of pruning was introduced by Mr. J. E. Pease. He says after pruning several years in the orchards of Oregon he notices the habit of cutting off large limbs has been practiced too much for the good of big orchards. Large limbs will not heal over readily, consequently leaving a portion of wood exposed to the elements, and thus injuring the entire tree. Though admitting the free use of the knife to be of advantage on small limbs, the speaker thought best to leave a portion of the water sprouts, clipping off only the tops.
    Mr. Pease thinks the proper season for pruning is from Mar. 15 to June 15 or during the free flow of sap.
    Mr. J. H. Whitman made some good suggestions in regard to insect pests and how to dispose of and prevent them from infecting our orchards; by his request pamphlets containing important portions of the laws of California on this subject were read to the Association.
    The secretary was instructed to correspond with other associations engaged in horticultural industries for the purpose of gaining information and making known the object and desires of our Association, rendering such reports as will be most compatible to fruit-growing interests, thus bringing into more intimate intercourse the settled and remote districts, and unite the dream of this great enterprise by a connecting link.
    Owing to the absence of several members who were appointed to speak, their names will appear on [the] program for next meeting. By motion the meeting adj. to meet at Central Point, Apr. 29, '88. C. B. Miller, secy.

Minutes of Fruit Growers Meeting       
held at Central Point July 28, 1888       
    President R. A. Miller called the meeting to order and directed the secretary to read the minutes of the last meeting, which stood approved as read.
    The committee appointed to draw a design for a trademark was called on to report and the chairman of the committee made the following verbal report. He proposed using a large red apple for [the] central figure and surrounding with leaves and scroll work.
    Other members suggested using a peach, as a more important production of Southern Oregon. The majority of the members agreed with the committee in its selection.
    It was also suggested to use the apple for the central figure and surround it with other fruit such as peaches, prunes, pears, grapes, etc.
    Mr. Leever made a motion to adopt the design proposed by the committee. Mr. Pentz advised that each member should secure a stencil stamp of the trademark and have his name beneath.
    Mr. Cain, a commission merchant of S.F., was invited to speak, and he mighty commends Oregon apples and thinks they are by far the most important crop of our valley. He expressed his surprise to find the orchards of Oregon in so neglected a condition after handling such fine fruit as Oregon produces.
    The trademark business was again postponed in order to have all the members together before disposing of this important business. Messrs. Galey, Pentz and Leever was appointed as a committee to draw a diagram and complete arrangements for adopting a trademark. The necessity of legislation for the protection of our orchards from pests was again urged by several prominent members, and plans were proposed to take action in this direction.
    The president advised the Association to make an effort to put a stop to killing such birds as destroy insects. He thinks they are of great value in orchards.
    Mr. Whitman also prizes the little birds very highly, and says that the fruit they eat is of very little importance compared with the good they do in destroying insects. He also adds that they are our best friends in the fruit business instead of being destructive enemies, as regarded by many.
    Mr. Kelly addressed the Association on this subject and advised the appointment of a State Ornithologist, also an entomologist. He recommended the eastern canary as an insect destroyer and mentioned the linnet as a very destructive fruit eater.
    Mr. Leever believes the sapsucker to be more beneficial than destructive since it lives principally on insects and rids the trees of borers.
    Several members spoke about protecting the feathered songsters, and much interest was manifested in their behalf.
    In addressing the Association on the subject of planting, Dr. Hinkle says the tap root should not be cut off when transplanting trees, for he says this leaves a source of decay which will not heal over.
    After discussing various topics on fruit culture, preparations were made to have an exhibition on the next meeting of the Association. Accordingly Mr. Whitman made a motion to have an exhibition and a picnic on next meeting. The motion was unanimously carried & it was decided by the majority of the members present to hold that meeting at Orchard Grove near Medford on Saturday Sept 29, 1888. It was moved and seconded that the president be appointed as a committee to arrange this picnic grounds, carried--S. S. Pentz, C. C. Magruder, E. Roper and C. B. Miller were appointed as a committee to prepare a programme. On motion the meeting adjourned.
                C. B. Miller secy.

Minutes of the Fruit Growers Meeting       
    A regular meeting of the Southern Oregon Fruit Growers Association was held at Heber Grove Sept. 29 1888 and the grandest display of fruits and vegetables ever recorded in Southern Oregon history was spread out with lavish hands. About 10 o'clock wagons and carriages began rolling in, each bringing choice selections of the best that could be produced, until about one o'clock, when the long row of tables began to groan under their luscious burdens and it was found necessary to pile some of the delicious fruit upon the ground.
    Crowds of eager spectators gathered around the proud producers who were eagerly describing the peculiar merits of some fine varieties of fruit to the many credulous hearers, who seemed to believe, and well they ought, that Southern Oregon could not be equaled in the production of peaches, pears and apples, beside other fruit which cannot be excelled.
    One gentleman was heard to remark that after traveling through a greater portion of the fruit-growing sections of the western states, that he here found the finest display of fruit that had ever met his view.
    After the fruit was well tested and examined greatly to the satisfaction and encouragement of all, it was announced by the president that the Association would have the rare privilege of listening to an encouraging address on fruit culture by Mr. James O'Meara, formerly of the Rogue River Valley.
    When the speaker came forward and saluted the large assembly he at once secured the undivided attention of all. The speaker began by describing the vast change that had been wrought in the wilderness of Rogue River Valley since his departure, dwelling with appropriate compliments on the present prosperity of the citizens and the development of the resources of the country.
    The speaker then pictured to us in flowery eloquence, the magnificent prospects of its future.
    He refers us to California for scientific horticulture, and says that the California fruit growers are an example worthy [of] our patronage, and that they are far ahead of us in this line of business.
    Mr. S. A. Clark, editor of the agricultural dept. of the Oregonian, was next introduced to the Association.
    Mr. Clark is another pioneer of S.O. He is now an elderly gentleman, but still possesses his well-developed power of reason and experience, and the magnetism of his presence is felt in his audience.
    In rising to address the Association Mr. Clark said that he just wanted to express his appreciation of our faculties for fruit culture and added that he believes that Southern Oregon possesses qualities that cannot be equaled by even California.
    He says he came here just on the eve of the mining era and had been here during the most flattering productions of gold. "But now," he says, "I come when a new enterprise begins to grow, and no other business can compare with it in magnitude or importance."
    He says a man is loyal to his country--a hero--when he engages in planting an orchard, for he not only reaps a bountiful harvest for himself, but leaves something for his children, and leaves a permanent business not to be destroyed by each harvest. Mr. Clark urges the fruit growers to look well to the cultivation of their orchards, as this has much to do with the size and quality of the fruit, and size was estimated second to none as a quality that will sell fruit. After the speaker was seated a motion was made to extend a vote of thanks to the speakers; the motion was carried. Ten names were added to the roll.
    It was agreed by a majority of members present to hold next meeting at Medford on the second Saturday in November. The meeting adjourned to meet at Medford.
            C. B. Miller,
                Secretary.

Jacksonville Or. Feb 24 1889       
"Town Hall"       
    The annual meeting of the Sou Oregon Fruit Growers Association, pursuant to the call of the president, met in the room of the Town Hall of Jacksonville Oregon Saturday afternoon at 2:30 p.m.
    The president and secretary being absent, the meeting was called to order by Hon. J. D. Whitman, and on motion Mr. Whitman was elected chairman and Mr. S. S. Pentz sec. pro tem.
    There being no regular order of business on motion of Mr. S. S. Pentz the names of Scott Griffin, C. C. Ragsdale, S. C. Lawrence, Samuel Colver and J. A. Whitman were proposed for membership in the Association, and these gentlemen were duly elected [sic].
    The president suggested that as this was the regular time for the election of annual officers, but as there was not a full attendance of the members the election be postponed until the next regular meeting.
    The election of officers for the ensuing year was postponed until the next regular meeting.
    On motion Mr. Colver addressed the meeting upon the subject of "lines of transportation" to the nearest & best markets as also upon the question of the best methods for the "preservation" of fruit and "Processes of Drying," advocating the "Evaporating" instead of the "Sun-dried Process."
    After a short discussion of these and kindred subjects, on motion the Association adjourned to meet in Medford Or on the last Saturday of March A.D. 1889 at the hour of 2 o'clock.
    The following initiation fees were received and handed over [to] the treasurer to wit
    C. C. Ragsdale                50¢
    J. A. Whitman                 50
    Saml. Colver                   50
    S. C. Lawrence               50
    Scott Griffin                   50
    W. H. Barr                      50
                                         3.00
            S. S. Pentz
                Secretary Pro-tem

Medford Or Sept 19th 1889       
    No minutes of the last meeting of the Fruit Growers Association of Southern Oregon having come into my possession (although record of the same having been requested of the former sec'y) I am unable to furnish any minutes of said meeting or meetings.
            S. S. Pentz
                Sec'y S.O.F.G. Assn.


Last revised December 22, 2015