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The Infamous Black Bird Southern Oregon History, Revised


Medford Pioneers: John C. Mann

John C. Mann, November 29, 1951 Medford Mail Tribune
November 29, 1951 Medford Mail Tribune

    John C. Mann obtained a permit yesterday to build a two-story frame dwelling on the north side of Carroll Street, between Kent and Dale streets. The house will cost $6,000.
"Here and There," St. Paul Daily Globe, St. Paul, Minnesota, April 9, 1895, page 2


583 Carroll Street, St. Paul Minnesota:
Frederick R. Mann, 64, born Sept. 1835 in Canada, parents in England, wallpaper
Mary Mann, 62, born Mar. 1838 in Canada, mother born England, father Massachusetts
Frederick Mann, 37, born 1863 in Canada, salesman
John Mann, 35, born Mar. 1865 in Canada, salesman
Helma Mann, 32, born Feb. 1868 in Canada, teacher
Charlotta Mann, 28, born Feb. 1872 in Canada
Mina Mann, 25, born Mar. 1875 in Canada
Josephine M. Mann, 24, born 1875 in Canada, teacher
Edith Mann, 22, born Jan. 1878 in Canada, at school
Douglas Moffatt, 20, born June 1879 in Canada, at school
U.S. Census, enumerated June 9, 1900



    The Mealey Dry Goods Company, of this city, incorporated yesterday with capital stock of $25,000. The incorporators are John Mann, who is president; Louis Schimmel, vice president, and George Mealey, secretary and treasurer.
"City News," St. Paul Globe, August 17, 1901, page 2


583 Carroll Street, St. Paul Minnesota:
Frederick R. Mann, 74, born in Canada, parents in England, self-employed, decorator
Mary Mann, 70, born in Canada, parents in England
Frederick Mann, 46, born in Canada, manager, decorating company
John C. Mann, 44, born in Canada, manager, decorating store
Helena Mann, 40, born in Canada, teacher, public schools
Matilda C. Mann, 38, born in Canada
Nina Mann, 36, born in Canada
Josephine M. Mann, 34, born in Canada, librarian, public schools
Frederick Moffatt, 21, grandson, born in Minnesota
U.S. Census, enumerated April 23, 1910



C. F. HURLBURT SELLS TO MANN
    J. C. Mann, for 25 years a business man of St. Paul, Minn., has purchased the store that C. F. Hurlburt was preparing to open in the Baker-Hutchason old stand.
    The new store will be conducted along modern lines. Up-to-date lines of dry goods, notions and ready-to-wear garments will be carried, and sold at popular prices.
    Mr. Mann heard of Medford while on a recent tour of the West, stopped to see the town and decided to stay. He is a hustler, as shown by his determination to hold an opening Friday afternoon.
    C. F. Hurlburt, who has been in poor health, regrets having to leave Medford and recommends the new "Mann" very highly.
    L. F. Ferguson, the able manager for Mr. Hurlburt in his recent sale, will remain with the new store.
    This will no doubt be welcome news to Medford people.
Medford Mail Tribune, September 26, 1910, page 5


JOHN C. MANN WEDS MISS MARGARET BOOTH
    Word has been received of the marriage of John C. Mann of this city to Miss Margaret Booth at Los Angeles on New Year's Day. They will make their home in this city.
    Mr. Mann is one of Medford's leading merchants. Mrs. Mann resided several months in the city, removing to Los Angeles.
Excerpt, Medford Mail Tribune, January 3, 1913, page 2


J. C. Mann.
    The year 1913 did not start out very promising, but it has far exceeded our expectations and has turned out to be the most prosperous one for us that we have had. We start the new year full of confidence in the future of Medford, believing that it is the best place to live, the best place to do business, and has the best people in America. There is no reason why 1914 should not be the best year for everyone. Let us do our best to make it so.
"How Medford Merchants and Leading Firms View 1914 Prospects from Prosperity Angle; Optimistic," Medford Sun, January 1, 1914, page 6


Mother of Bismarck Editor Dies in St. Paul--Son Present.
(Herald Special Service.)
    Bismarck, N.D., Dec. 30.--Mrs. Frederick R. Mann, mother of George Mann, editor of the Bismarck Tribune, passed away at her home in St. Paul yesterday. Editor Mann was at her bedside when she died.
Daily Herald, Grand Forks, North Dakota, December 31, 1915, page 1



A Progressive Minnesota Concern
An Interview With a Leading Firm of Decorators in St. Paul.
By Geo. Wilfred Wright.

    The term "Twin Cities" has been quite popularly applied to these two large Minnesota towns, St. Paul and Minneapolis, but if eastern or southern decorators and painters ever visit here they will, perhaps, say these Minnesotaites ought to be a little more careful how they use the word "twin"; for they will probably fail to discover any real semblance between the two places. As a matter of fact, they are quite unlike, for the streets differ in appearance, the public buildings bear no similarity and Minneapolis leads in point of population by nearly a hundred thousand.
F. R. Mann & Co., St. Paul, July 1917
    St. Paul is the capital of this prosperous state, an important commercial city and one of the greatest railroad centers of the Central Northwest. To the ideas of not a few fairly well-informed persons a state capital is a poor place for business; but this thriving city quite explodes such a theory. There is no sound reason why as large a volume of business should not be found in the city where the laws of the state are made as in any other place: even though political intrigue is rampant and crooked deals have been pulled off, still this should not deter the commercial progress of the town itself.
Thirty-Five Years in the Painting Business.
    In the painting and decorating business of this fine city, I found a concern which has been established over thirty-five years and has enjoyed a wide share of the local business in their line—F. R. Mann & Son, Incorporated. This firm handles both a domestic and an imported line of wall papers and they are also engaged in high-grade painting and decorating work. In referring to the growth and development of the business, Frederick Mann, the president of the concern, said: "Our work in this city has been steady and fairly constant. We have always maintained a high standard, so far as the quality of our work is concerned. Of course, settling here in St. Paul thirty-five years ago, and opening a shop when the town was a third the size it is now, has given us the advantage of growing with the city and becoming well known, through our early customers, who were prominent in the development and civic life of the entire community. We have been here, on [437-439] St. Peter Street, more than thirty years and. in this sense, the F. R. Mann & Son store is almost a landmark."
Business Secured by Merit.
    All painters are interested in learning the best ways to procure business. Various kinds of methods are used to attract attention and get a hearing from the public. Once in a while I'll find a very "live wire" business man, who has taken hold of advertising like one who attempts to take the proverbial bull by the horns, and he has accomplished wonderful results—Ballou, of Worcester, Mass., is a shining example. But the Mann Company present a case which is quite the opposite to those who are convinced that the free use of printer's ink and paper will help them in their efforts to win trade and make money. So on advertising Mr. Mann had this to say: "We never solicit business; but we have found that it comes to us through doing only good work—giving careful service and charging fair prices. These points help in the recommendation of pleased patrons to friends or acquaintances."
    Advertising men may hoot this idea of building a business without constant publicity, but it should not be overlooked that, unless service is given nowadays, all the advertising in creation is not going to keep the customers nor will it bring in new ones. Managers have awakened to this idea of service as never before, and as advertising is being coupled up with real, intelligent help for the customer, the store owners and merchants are beginning to feel the effects in a highly satisfactory manner, although a business house may not advertise and win trade through these modern methods, but rely on giving service and receiving the patronage of a satisfied public, yet it is well worth observing that when good, strong, forceful publicity is made a part of the business there will be a big increase in profits.
F. R. Mann & Co., St. Paul, July 1917
Labor Conditions in St. Paul.
    Speaking of labor conditions in St. Paul, Mr. Mann remarked: "Painters here have to continually guard against the poor, inferior workman that sometimes comes floating around looking for a job. It has occurred to me that one way to help matters in our trade, in this respect, is to have what I term an 'Efficiency Card.' This would be a card of convenient size for a man to carry in a card case or pocketbook and would bear an official or authentic statement from the concern where he learned his trade, or a statement of some sort from a reputable concern where he had worked satisfactorily. Were this method observed universally in the trade, there would be less trouble with inferior workmen for we would know at once, from the firm with whom they learned their trade or the concern which last employed them, just what class of work they were accustomed to."
    This idea, advanced by a decorator of Mr. Mann's experience, is well worth considering. There is no system of this kind in use, so far as the writer knows, in a general way which could be recognized by painters, decorators and like craftsmen anywhere in the United States; so a record of a man's ability would be ideal in this respect when he made application for work in any place where he is unknown.
    As in most other places, so in St. Paul, the unions have their disagreements and ruptures with the contractors and "bosses," but a settlement is usually effected, although often there is a severe loss sustained by all concerned. Mr. Mann believes the labor organizations are wrong in furnishing workmen to stores, when the painting and decorating contractor demand cannot always be met.
Apprenticeship.
    The subject of apprenticeship came up in this interview and, owing to the fact that the best interests and future of the trade depend very considerably on the influx of high-grade, full-fledged journeymen, I was desirous to know what this company had to say on that topic: '"During the past three years," stated Mr. Mann, "we have had twelve apprentices. That is not a very large number for a town of this size, I know, but training apprentices is not as simple and easy as it was years ago. The great trouble is that they are in such a big hurry to get through with their apprenticeship and earn a man's wages that many elements of the trade which they should know are neglected.
    "There's a great deal more to the painting and decorating business than merely applying paint or finishes to walls, woodwork or other surfaces. Color and tint blending and a thorough knowledge of the characteristics of paint and the results that come, if certain methods are not followed out in the preparation of walls and interior or exterior of buildings where paint or finishes are to be applied, are necessary if real success is to be acquired.
    "Practically all the apprentices we get nowadays leave before they have a complete, well-rounded knowledge of their trade. Largely due to this condition we find such inferior work and a lack of good judgment in no small number of jobs we are called upon to give estimates and arrange to refinish."
Carelessness in Painting.
    This brought our conversation to a very interesting point and that was the quality of the material used today and the careless way paints and finishes are sometimes applied. Mr. Mann desired that I take a walk with him to one of the large public buildings of the city, where a wrong combination of wall finish had been used. This handsome structure was nearly completed, but the mistake had been made when refinishing the walls, and now dark spots were showing through, which meant that the work must either be done over at a heavy loss or the public would be forced to pay for very inferior or unsatisfactory work.
    "When we have a job of this character," said Mr. Mann, "we lead and oil paint the walls first. This treatment 'grips' the plaster and it cannot strip off. But where plaster is put over terra cotta brick and a gloss oil is used for refinishing, it stops suction; it also takes less oil and for a time may look fairly good and pass inspection, but in a short time there will appear badly discolored spots, exactly as you see them here on these walls. The process I mention of lead and oil paint has proven out, in our work, to be very satisfactory and so far as I can determine is the best way to handle work where wall discolorations are probable."
    In talking over the subject of procuring good materials, Mr. Mann believes that much depends on the quality of linseed oil that is used today in the mixing of paints. I asked him if there was any positive rule he could give me to test the various qualities of oil. He replied: "We can usually tell by the color. Our long experience in working in oils and paints has given us a fairly good working knowledge of the color or shade a high-grade oil should have. After an oil settles, the true color always shows and we can easily tell its quality. Furthermore, a high grade oil will not have a sediment. This is another way to tell the quality and when a painter uses oil where a sediment remains he will never find his work as satisfactory as when he uses those oils which are free from this condition."
Treatment of New Woodwork.
    In speaking of the way new woodwork should be treated, particularly new houses which are exposed to the weather, Mr. Mann remarked: "Too little attention is paid to the painting of new buildings the first time. Painters should study the effects that are produced at various times and profit by what these lessons teach. Now, we often have new houses to paint and a careful watch on our work toward getting the best results has taught that about three thin coats on the exterior new woodwork of a house, or enough to cover it nicely, is better than to give the building too many heavy coats."
    I asked what the prospects were in St. Paul for the painting and decorating trade and how the associations had helped the men who were members. Eastern folks understand that a tense rivalry for commercial importance has always existed between these two Minnesota cities. They are situated close together in a large state and where no other towns of an approaching size are within several hundred miles. Mr. Mann sees a good opportunity for the painter who puts value and service in his work. The public are appreciative of a careful and well executed job and in practically every case the man who strives to give satisfaction has all the work he can handle.
St. Paul a Busy City.
     There should be considerable business in St. Paul, as it now contains more than 275,000 people, and with its big sister only ten miles away is the distributing center of the vast Central Northwest territory, comprising six states, of which the smallest is over sixty thousand square miles.
    St. Paul is the great fur center of this country. A business of more than forty million dollars a year in livestock is transacted here. Besides containing some of the largest wholesale houses in the United States in the following lines, hardware, drugs, groceries, seeds, toys and millinery; it is noted for manufacturing high-class refrigerators, underwear, boots and shoes, hoisting machinery, gasoline fire engines, felt roofing and building paper. What is said to be the largest bakery in the world is located here.
    St. Paul is one of the few cities that does its own paving and was the first big city in America to adopt the commission form of government. This last statement gives an idea of the advancement and up-to-date ideas that are put forward to give the city every favorable opportunity to progress and become a leader.
    In St. Paul's manufacturing and industrial enterprises over eighty million dollars are invested; adding the worth of the meat packing business to the values of other products, the amount far exceeds one hundred million dollars.
    Besides the state capitol, which is one of the handsomest buildings in the United States, St. Paul has one of the finest municipal auditoriums in the world and one of the best historical libraries in this country. Twenty-one banks take care of the financial requirements of the city's business. There are three large insurance companies, fifty-nine literary, scientific and other more or less notable societies, eighty-two charitable institutions, three hundred lodges and secret orders, thirty-nine clubs, two nurseries, an art gallery, eleven hospitals and one hundred and eighty churches. Four daily newspapers keep the town well supplied with current events, while sixty other publications are printed here.
St. Paul's Historical Interest.
    Minneapolis lays no claim to antiquity. She says she never points to the hoary past; but the region around St. Paul was once inhabited by the ancient "Mound Builders." Great mounds still exist in the city, which signify not only the industry, but the peculiar habits of this departed race. After the mound builders came the Indians, and the site of St. Paul was once a famous Indian capital where the great pow-wows of the Northwest tribes were held, and many a war whoop resounded to oppose the pale-faced Europeans in their greed for territory.
    The French took possession of the land in this section of Minnesota in 1680; it later fell to the English, but in 1783 it became a part of the United States. St. Paul was a village, the chief trading post of the territory, as late as 1848: the rich lands of Minnesota soon attracted immigration and the region quickly became thickly populated. Villages turned to large cities and under characteristic Western thrift and energy these two Northwest cities have become important centers of commerce and industry.

F. R. Mann & Co., St. Paul, July 1917
The Wall Paper Business.
    Due to the fact that the Mann store carries on considerable business in wall paper and does a large amount of the wall papering in St. Paul homes, I asked the opinion of this company on the outlook of this business. Interior decorators frequently tell me that painted walls and the various tints that are now manufactured are proving popular and, to some extent, they have replaced wall papers formerly so much in use.
F. R. Mann & Co., St. Paul, July 1917    Mr. Mann remarked: "We find here that there is still a wide demand for wall paper. While the new interior finishes for walls and ceilings are coming into prominent use, there will always be the class who will not change their wall paper for anything new. In the matter of design I think there is an improvement over former productions. Our American wall paper manufacturers are turning out some wonderfully artistic work, which will rank with imported specimens and few can detect the difference. In some cases I have found that the material was not as good as that used years ago. The stock does not seem to have the lasting qualities which I would like to see, and on this point the manufacturers ought to pay very close attention. I believe there is no reason why we cannot turn out as handsome a line of wall papers in this country as any concern in Europe can do when importing conditions with us are normal."
     Mr. Mann's views on this subject of wall papers are interesting and he, with many others, feels he does not have to rely entirely on the foreign product.
    In a recent issue of The Painters Magazine an example of a strikingly beautiful specimen of wall paper was shown. It was a rich peacock design, originated and manufactured by a Buffalo, New York, house. Considerable favorable comment was passed on the work and it proved more conclusively than ever that American artistic skill is not to be outclassed by the finest importation.
    The F. R. Mann & Sons' business was originally started by the father and son. A few years later the younger brother was admitted. The company was incorporated in February, 1913. Frederick Mann is president of the concern and Woodsworth Mann is secretary and treasurer.
The Painters Magazine and Paint & Wall Paper Dealer, July 1917, page 349


LARGE CROWDS ATTEND OPENING OF MANN'S BIG STORE
    A large crowd is attending the three days' opening at "Mann's greater Medford store," commemorating his fourth anniversary and store enlargement, necessitated by increased business. Souvenirs are provided, while Hazelrigg's orchestra discourses sweet music.
    Just four years ago Mr. Mann purchased this store and stock. In these four years, the business has quadrupled, in the face of hard times and general business depression. Every month has seen a steady increase in the volume of business and the number of satisfied customers. His old quarters were outgrown and he has secured the adjoining storeroom and remodeled the establishment, doubling its capacity.
    How is it that Mr. Mann has been so prosperous, when so many have been complaining? The answer is easy--close attention to business and advertising. Mr. Mann is the largest newspaper advertiser in Medford--and is constantly increasing his space--that is why his store has grown into the "largest, brightest, most complete and busiest" store in Medford.
Medford Mail Tribune, October 15, 1914, page 6



FIRST RECTOR OF ST. LUKE'S PASSES AT LONG BEACH
    Rev. Daniel Theodore Booth passed to eternal life at Long Beach, Calif., Sunday morning, July 13. Rev. Booth was the pioneer rector of St. Luke's Episcopal church at Willmar, .serving from July 15, 1873 to the fall of 1901. In the early days he also served a mission district extending west to Dakota, south to the Minnesota River including Montevideo and Appleton and north to Paynesville.
    Deceased was born at Newton, Conn., May 6, 1836. He attended his father's private school, Newton Academy. He came west to La Crosse, Wis., and engaged in business. He entered and graduated from the Seabury Theological Seminary at Faribault, and was assigned to the Willmar field.
    In 1867 he was married to Miss Mary Esther Nelson at Preston. Their sons, Rev. Laurence Booth and William Booth, are deceased. The following children survive their father: Mrs. W. D. Wiggins of Willmar; Miss Julia Booth of St. Cloud; Miss Mary Booth of New York City; Mrs. S. C. Tompkins of Brawley, Calif.; Miss Gertrude Booth, Long Beach, Calif.; Norman Booth of Willmar; Mrs. John C. Mann of Medford, Oregon; and Mrs. F. H. Bagley of Seattle, Wash.
    Funeral services were held July 16 at St. Luke's Church at Long Beach. The remains will be taken to Fairview Cemetery at Willmar at a later date.
Willmar Tribune, Willmar, Minnesota, July 16, 1919, page 1


    John C. Mann, of Medford, has been appointed chairman for the Rogue River group, including Ashland, Grants Pass, Medford and Jacksonville, in the nationwide campaign of the Episcopal Church, organization of which in the diocese of Oregon is now being completed.
"Local News," Jacksonville Post, October 18, 1919, page 3


    The new electric sign for the Mann department store is being installed over the Main Street entrance.
"Local Briefs," Medford Mail Tribune, September 21, 1920, page 2

September 25, 1953 Medford Mail Tribune
September 25, 1953 Medford Mail Tribune

    MANN'S OPENING MARKS EPOCH IN BUSINESS GROWTH
    The fall opening of the "Greater Mann's Department Store" is being held Thursday, Friday and Saturday of this week, the event signalizing a new chapter in one of the best-known mercantile establishments of southern Oregon. The store has been enlarged, now having both a Main Street and Central Avenue entrance. Among the departments added are men's clothing and millinery. It is now one of the largest stocked and most beautiful department stores between Sacramento and Portland, with a rapidly increasing patronage from northern California, Jackson, Josephine and Klamath counties. The store improvements have been under way since last July, and [it] is equipped with a full and complete line of children's and women's ready to wear garments, men's clothing and furnishings, dress goods and silks, hosiery, lingerie, millinery, ribbons, gloves and notions. Specials are being offered this week in the various departments, while the window displays are attracting favorable comment from all sides.
Medford Mail Tribune, September 24, 1920, page 8

Mann's, September 30, 1921 Medford Mail Tribune
Mann's Big Department Store, One of Medford's Most Progressive Firms, Celebrates 11th Anniversary Tomorrow
    The Mann's Department Store, one of the largest of its kind in southern Oregon, is celebrating its eleventh birthday tomorrow by launching an anniversary sale which will continue for the remainder of the month. The growth of this establishment has been remarkable during the last few years, having started in 1911 when John C. Mann arrived here from St. Paul, Minnesota and opened his store with four clerks and a limited stock of merchandise in a section of the same building he now occupies. Mann's store now has approximately 8000 square feet of floor space, twenty-four clerks and a complete men's furnishing department in connection with its women's section. It handles an enormous volume of business annually in local and mail order trade and, according to Mr. Mann, its last year's business showed a marked gain over that of any previous year.
    Mann's store has become a household word among many southern Oregon and northern California people, and the slogan of this store, "the best goods for the price, no matter what the price," is known throughout this section. The success of the Mann's Department Store may be attributed to its well-selected stocks, its sound business principles, the courtesy of its clerks, the excellent service and fair treatment it always affords its patrons and the liberal use of printer's ink. Mr. Mann is one of the largest advertisers in southern Oregon and says he could not think of conducting business without consistent, liberal advertising.
    John C. Mann, the owner of Mann's store, is an ardent booster for Medford and a strong believer in its future possibilities. He has been active in civic and educational movements as well as prominent in business circles since his arrival here, and the success of his store is an example of his ability and progressiveness.
Medford Mail Tribune, September 30, 1921, page 6


MEDFORD MAN ADVOCATES NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING
J. C. Mann, in Talk Before Oregon Retail Merchants Association,
Gives Much Credit to Advertising of Bargains
    MEDFORD, March 10.--The instructive address of John C. Mann, of the Mann Department Store of Medford, given at the recent convention of the Oregon Retail Merchants Association, before the dry goods section of that body, has attracted much favorable attention. The address, as reported in the Oregon Merchants Magazine, follows in part:
    "When I started to departmentize my store I happened to get hold of a good bookkeeper. I will tell you how we divided up. We made the following classifications: A. Dress goods and silks. B. White goods and domestics. C. Patterns. D. Laces and embroideries. E. Notions. F. Hosiery. G. Corsets. H. Women's ready-to-wear. I. Millinery. J. Men's furnishings. When a department does not pay we analyze the situation and find out what is the trouble. If a department is lagging we put on a special sale and try to bring it up to par.
    "When we departmentized we were able to watch our purchases closer and found they were getting away from us. We were buying too much and keeping too much. Some months the increase in buying exceeded the increase in sales. When this happens we stop buying. We keep tab each day of sales in each department and keep a monthly sheet showing cash sales in one column, credit sales in another and total in another. We also keep a comparative daily record of each year both as to amounts and numbers of persons sold. We figure we should have more customers each year, so we make a consistent effort to get more people in.
    "It is very important also to keep account of cash and charge sales returned and charge it up to the individual clerk. At the end of the month we make a comparison of sales of each clerk. We know who deserves a raise and who doesn't."
    Mr. Mann then went on to give details of the way "we arrive at the different items in our record."
    Under the item of "turnover" Mr. Mann said:
    "Departmentizing is a safeguard against stealing. Before I departmentized I had a bookkeeper who stole ten dollars a day from me every day and twenty dollars on Saturday for three years, and I didn't know it."
    Mr. Mann said he spent 2 percent on advertising and advises keeping advertising expense separate, so you could know what it was spent for--whether direct mail advertising or newspaper space.
    The most effective advertising medium was informally discussed. Mr. Mann declared the first best advertising medium was the store's windows, then the newspapers, and insisted newspaper advertising must be followed by window displays.
Ashland Daily Tidings, March 10, 1925, page 1

Medford Mail Tribune, October 2, 1927
Medford Mail Tribune, October 2, 1927
Mann's 1928, September 30, 1954 MMT
The North Central entrance, 1928. From the Medford Mail Tribune, September 30, 1954.

Jno. C. Mann Has 23-Year Record Here
Community Pamphlet and Stock of Bankrupt Goods
Gave to Medford One of Its Veteran Merchants

    "Community advertising pays," says John C. Mann, veteran department store owner and manager of this city, when interviewed this week by the writer.
    "It was through a pamphlet descriptive of Medford and Rogue River Valley which I picked up back in St. Paul in 1910 that I was first attracted to Medford. Later in the year I decided to visit a brother-in-law residing in Los Angeles and hit the train for the West. Although I had disposed of my store in St. Paul and was in search of a location, any idea I had of remaining out here on the coast was so indefinite that I bought a return ticket."
Fate Plays Trick
    Here Mr. Mann related  that fate plays strange tricks. "While in Los Angeles I heard that there was a bankrupt stock for sale in Medford. Completing my visit, I boarded the train for Medford and found that the bankrupt stock was the residue of the stock formerly owned by Baker & Hutchinson. Another party had purchased it, but acquired what is known as cold feet, and was anxious to dispose of it.
    "Medford was then enjoying its historic boom. I bought the stock without even taking an inventory, went back to St. Paul, bought additional merchandise and returned."
Opened Store 23 Years Ago
    "I advertised my opening for October 1. That was back in 1910, or nearly 23 years ago. I recall I was staying at the Nash Hotel and that early on the morning I was to open my store I arose, looked out the window and saw that it was raining almost in torrents. I thought that the opening would be anything but auspicious and estimated that if my volume of sales amounted to $50.00 that day I would be lucky. Contrary to my predictions, I found at least 100 people waiting at the doors and instead of doing $50.00 worth of business the sales for the day exceeded $500.00."
    From that day to this, Mann's Department Store has been one of the leading and substantial department stores of Southern Oregon. His ownership and management has been unbroken over a period of almost 23 years.
Growth Is Rapid
    The location today is the same as that in which John Mann opened his store in 1910. Growth, however, demanded that the original frontage of 50 feet on North Central, with a single floor, be increased to 75 feet on that avenue, with another entrance and frontage of 25 feet on East Main, with the present store occupying two floors and a total floor space of about 17,000 square feet.
    Jonas Wold and Martin Reddy occupied the 25-foot frontage adjoining Mann's original store. Wold had a drug store on one side of the room and Reddy a jewelry store on the other side. Five years from the date of opening Mann acquired that frontage. Five years later he acquired the 25-foot frontage on East Main. Continuing enlargement and improvements at five-year intervals, Mann acquired the second floor five years later. Up to that time the second floor had been occupied by lawyers and other professional men.
His Platform of Success
    Asked to what he attributed his success in the department store business, Mr. Mann said:
    "Consistent newspaper advertising, which is the best form of advertising anyone can buy; selling good and reliable merchandise at a fair profit; standing behind all representations as to merchandise sold; and giving the best of service."
    Mr. Mann could have added that a complete knowledge of merchandising has been a factor in his success. He began his career as a clerk at 14 years of age, serving three years of apprenticeship in a large department store in his native town of Goderich, Ont., Canada. At the age of 17 he moved to St. Paul, where he continued as a clerk for 25 years, or until 1908, at which time he opened a store in St. Paul. Two years later he disposed of his interests. It was then that the pamphlet telling of Medford fell into his hands and he decided to visit Los Angeles.
    Although Mann quit high school at the age of 14, he finished the complete grammar and high school course of that age.
Active Civic Worker
    Although past the mark of three score years, John Mann is still a young man. He has found diversion from his business in an active participation in civic and other community affairs. He served six years a a member of the Medford school board. He was a member of the city council several years, and served as a director and president of the Chamber of Commerce. In addition he was president of the Jackson County Red Cross chapter a number of years, and has participated actively in all affairs connected with the betterment of conditions in his adopted city and valley.
    John Mann has no hobby, unless it be his love for football, basketball and other athletic sports. Medford's famed high school football and basketball teams never had a more liberal and enthusiastic supporter than John Mann, and no man has contributed more to putting Medford on the high school football and basketball map of Oregon than he.
One Paved Street
    Looking back to that day when he opened business in Medford Mr. Mann recalls that Main was the only paved street in the city. Schools and churches were poor, and he says that one of the outstanding changes with which he is impressed has been in the improvement of not only schools and churches, but in Medford as a whole during the 23 years.
    Of the men in business when John Mann arrived here 23 years ago only a few are "in the harness" today. Among them are C. A. Meeker, "Toggery Bill" Isaacs, Hubbard Bros., Charley Strang, John Butler and "Wig" Ashpole.
Has Faith in Future
    Like "Toggery Bill" Isaacs, whose long and successful career as a businessman was the subject of a story in this column last week, John Mann is an enthusiastic booster for Medford and Rogue River Valley, and he is confident of their future. Of the future of Medford he says:
    "Medford has a high type of citizenship, and the best prospect for continued and substantial growth of any city in Oregon. Rogue River Valley has a wonderful climate, varied and unlimited resources, and there is no more pleasant spot on earth in which to live."
Medford News, June 16, 1933, page 1


    George Douglas Mann was born June 8, 1879, at Goderich, Ontario, Canada, the son of Frederick Richard and Mary Woodsworth Mann.
    In 1881 his parents moved to St. Paul, Minn., where his father engaged in the contracting business. With the seven other children in his father's family, George Mann attended the grade and high school at St. Paul and in 1903 graduated from the University of Minnesota, where he distinguished himself as a diligent student despite the fact that he had to work outside of school hours to pay a part of his expenses.
"George D. Mann, Tribune Publisher, Dies in Florida," Bismarck Tribune, Bismarck, North Dakota, March 26, 1936, page 1

May 7, 1949 Oxnard Press Courier
Mann's Department Store Celebrates Its 26th Anniversary
STORE-WIDE SALE BEGINS SATURDAY OBSERVING EVENT
John Moffatt General Manager--Hinman Advertising Manager--
Store History and Growth Outlined
    Mann's Department Store is celebrating the completion of 26 years of successful business in Medford with a store-wide selling event opening tomorrow. This anniversary event also marks the first year of the operation of Mann's remodeled store, and southern Oregon and northern California people will be offered outstanding anniversary values as Mann's expression of appreciation for more than a quarter of a century of generous patronage.
Mann's October 2, 1936 Medford Mail Tribune
    Completely remodeled and air conditioned, Mann's Department Store is one of the state's most attractive shopping centers. Thoroughly departmentalized throughout, every item of apparel for every member of the family is offered to those who shop in this long-established store.
    For 25 years John Moffatt has been associated with John Mann and is now general manager of the entire store. Under his capable direction, the merchandising program has been decidedly successful. Harry S. Hinman, artist and advertising man, has had charge of advertising and store displays for the past eight years. Mr. Hinman has received much praise for the artistic arrangement of merchandise in Mann's spacious Central Avenue windows and Main Street men's department windows as well as the outstanding advertising copy he has prepared regularly for the advertising columns of the Mail Tribune.
    Mr. Mann's reminiscences of more than a quarter of a century ago are interesting.
    He went to work in a general merchandising store at Goodrich, Ontario, 55 years ago for $5 a week. He served a three years' apprenticeship and at that time was 17 years of age. Following that early experience John Mann clerked at Mealey's dry goods store in St. Paul, Minn., and purchased the business at the end of that period.
    Mr. Mann had heard of the possibilities of the southern Oregon territory, and finally bought a ticket for Medford with a return ticket to his former location in case he might be disappointed. Hutchason's and Baker's store on North Central Avenue was conducting a bankrupt sale. The entire stock was bought by the newcomer, who then proceeded to establish Mann's Department Store, specializing in women's apparel and dry goods. Six clerks were employed in Medford's new store.
    Business increased steadily, and it was necessary for Mr. Mann to use his return trip ticket to St. Paul in order to secure additional merchandise. Five years after opening Mann's, Mann's expanded with the addition of another store formerly occupied by Wold & Reddy. Again in 1920 the place was enlarged by the addition of a second floor and the men's department was also installed.
    The final remodeling program was completed at Mann's early in August, 1935, at which time a colorful "open house" was observed and thousands of southern Oregon people inspected the beautiful store.
Medford Mail Tribune, October 2, 1936, page B1


MANN, JOHN CLARKSON
Owner Mann's Department Store.
b. Goderich, Ontario, Canada March 28, 1865; son of Frederick and Mary (Woodsworth) Mann; educated grade and high schools Canada; m. Margaret Booth of Los Angeles and Willmar, Minn. Jan. 1, 1912; daughter Margaret Mary (Mrs. Roger Holmgren), Janet Irene (Mrs. John Crawford); served apprenticeship dry goods store Canada at age of 14, 1879-82; associated with Clarence M. McLain, St. Paul, Minn. 1882-86; with Mealey Dry Goods Co., St. Paul 1886-1906, purchased store, managing owner until 1910; removed to Oregon, owner, Mann's Dept. Store, Medford 1910 to date; vice-president, director, Jackson County Building and Loan Association; member school board six years; member City Council two terms; active many years State Retail Merchants Association; past president Chamber of Commerce; Elk (since 1915); Democrat; Episcopalian (served on vestry and as junior warden); home 815 E. Main; office 14 N. Central, Medford
.
Capitol's Who's Who for Oregon 1948-49, page 360


MOFFAT, JOHN PAUL
Dept. Store Executive; Civic Leader
b. Dubuque, Iowa May 12, 1895; son of Robert P. and Elizabeth (Mann) Moffat; educated grade and high schools Dubuque, Iowa; Oregon State College; extension courses; Sigma Nu; m. Mary A. Holmes of Medford, Oregon Feb. 13, 1921; children John P. Jr., William R.; began as clerk, various positions, Mann's Dept. Store, Medford, Oregon 1914, manager since 1938; past president Medford Retail Merchants Association; member school board 1939-; member National Retail Dry Goods Association; member State Advisor Board, Oregon Merchants Association; chairman United War Chest 1941-43; served as director Community Chest and Red Cross; member price panel and O.P.A.; Elk; Rotarian; member Chamber of Commerce (director), Valley Golf Club; University Club; Jackson County Apprenticeship Council; Republican; Episcopalian (vestryman); home 34 North Berkeley Way; office 14-22 N. Central Ave., Medford
.
Capitol's Who's Who for Oregon 1948-49, page 397


John Mann's Short Visit to Medford in 1910
Turned into 41-Year Stay in City
    When John C. Mann, founder of Mann's Department Store, came to Medford 41 years ago, he didn't plan to stay long. He'd been associated with a St. Paul, Minn. firm for 20 years, and when he came to southern Oregon he was owner of the store.
    In 1910 Medford, to quote Mann, "was in the midst of a boom, and prospects looked rosy." But booms don't always last, and he was prepared to return to St. Paul. "I had a return trip ticket in my pocket and no definite idea of locating in southern Oregon," Mann says.
Bought Stock
    Baker and Hutchason's store was conducting a bankrupt sale at their location on North Central when Mann arrived here. Mann bought up the stock and established a department store. This new store occupied a 50-foot frontage in a part of the present store. It was devoted to women's ready-to-wear and dry goods. Six clerks were employed as the store opened in 1910.
    As it turned out, Mann's southern Oregon venture was a permanent one, but the return ticket to St. Paul was used after all. His new department store was so well patronized from the start that it was necessary for the owner to make a trip to St. Paul to secure more merchandise.
Started at $5 per Month
    Mann's business career started in Goderich, Ontario, Canada, where he began work in a general store in 1879. Starting at a salary of $5 a month, Mann remained there for three years as an apprentice until he was 17 years old.
    For 20 years Mann clerked at Mealey's dry goods store in St. Paul and in 1902 he purchased the firm. Eight years later he came to Medford.
Medford Mail Tribune, November 29, 1951, page 5


John C. Mann Dies in Sudden Illness Sunday Afternoon
Well-Known Merchant Lived Here Since 1910
    John C. Mann, head of Mann's Department Store since he established it here in October, 1910, died in his sleep at home yesterday afternoon following a brief illness. He recently observed his 87th birthday.
    Mr. Mann was probably the best-known of the older residents of Medford. He arrived here on what he thought was to be a short visit in 1910, when the city was in the midst of its biggest boom. He had no thought of remaining at the time and later said "I had a return trip ticket in my pocket."
    But, except for brief trips, he spent the rest of his life here and was an active force in the merchandising field of the city, and was also prominent in civic and fraternal affairs.
Store Now Largest
    Under his guidance, Mann's store grew to be the largest in southern Oregon, from the original 50-foot store he purchased the year he arrived.
    Mr. Mann was born in Goderich, Ontario, Canada, on March 28, 1865. He lived there until he was 17, part of that time clerking in a store at $5 per month. Later he spent 20 years in a store in St. Paul, Minn., before coming to Oregon.
    His affiliations included the Masons, the Shrine, the Elks Club and the Medford Kiwanis Club, of which he was a charter member and former president. A member of St. Mark's Episcopal Church, he had served on the vestry on several occasions and had also been a warden of the church. He was one of two men to have the honorary title of warden emeritus.
Served City
    Mr. Mann also had served terms on the Medford school board and the city council. He was one of the founders and directors of the Jackson County Federal Savings and Loan Association, and as its president at the time of his death. He was a past president of the Jackson County Chamber of Commerce.
    Survivors include his wife, Margaret; two daughters, Mrs. Janet Crawford, Medford, and Mrs. Margaret Holmgren, Tulsa, Okla., and five Crawford grandchildren and two Holmgren grandchildren. Mrs. Holmgren was to arrive here this afternoon.
Funeral Wednesday
    Funeral services will be held at St. Mark's Church at 11 a.m. Wednesday, with the Rev. George R. V. Bolster officiating. The family has requested that no flowers be sent and that those wishing to honor Mr. Mann's memory make, instead, a donation to Community Hospital for the establishment of a new bed there.
    Interment will follow at Siskiyou Memorial Park. It will be a private service. Perl's Funeral Home is in charge of arrangements.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 26, 1952, page 1

September 25, 1953 Medford Mail Tribune
September 25, 1953 Medford Mail Tribune

Mann's Department Store Sets 43rd Anniversary of Founding
    A store-wide sale which begins Saturday, Sept. 26 at Mann's Department Store and continues through Oct. 31 will mark the 43rd anniversary of the founding of the store by the late John C. Mann.
    Since opening in 1910 the store stock and space has increased consistently, and during the past year three new departments have been added. They are the television department, which features Emerson, Bendix and Kay-Halbert lines; the sterling silver service by Reed and Barton and an interior decorating department headed by Lewis Pearson.
Has Much Experience
    Pearson has had considerable previous experience in the decorating field both in southern California and in Washington state.
    The late Mr. Mann arrived in Medford from St. Paul, Minn., and when he purchased the store it occupied about 3,000 square feet of floor space. Today 27,000 square feet of space is utilized.
    Six clerks were employed at the time he bought the store, and now the number of employees totals 75 persons.
    John P. Moffat, president and manager, has been associated continuously with Mann's for the past 40 years except for two years' service in the Army during World War I.
Have Six Buyers
    Six buyers now are employed, Lewis Wayburn, Mrs. Mildred Moss, Mrs. Elsie Narregan, Mrs. Alto Pruitt, Mike Dietrich and Jack Crawford. Assistant buyers include Donna Doyle, Leona Bestul, Claire Proctor, Sue Montgomery and Don Piatt.
    A few other department heads are Dora Carnall, who manages the millinery; and Kenneth Howard, credit and office manager. Mrs. Thelma Howard manages Mann's Beauty Salon, which was established in 1934.
    A number of the store's employees have been with the firm for many years. They include Mrs. Elsie Narregan, buyer for children's wear, lingerie and hosiery, who has been at the store since 1921; Leona Bestul, assistant buyer in yard goods and linens, who has been with that department since 1939; Margaret Brown, cosmetic department, since 1934; Dollie Miller, with ready-to-wear department since 1942, and Mrs. Alto Pruitt, a buyer for seven departments in the store and with the firm for 24 years.
Store Contest
    In connection with the anniversary sale an annual store contest also will begin Saturday. Each year during the anniversary observance store departments are divided into groups, each group attempting to surpass the other in store sales. A bonus is given the winning team and a dinner for store employees is given.
Medford Mail Tribune, September 25, 1953, page 12


Mann's, September 30, 1954 Medford Mail Tribune.
September 30, 1954 Medford Mail Tribune

Mann's Store to Close for Remodeling Project in July;
To Reopen as Miller's
    Another link in the chain of improvements in the downtown Medford business district was announced today by Fred Lund, manager of Mann's Department Store.
    The store will be closed Saturday night, July 2, for start of a $250,000 renovation and remodeling program.
    The store will remain closed until the remodeling and fixture installation are completed, Lund said. It will reopen early in August under the name of "Miller's."
    There are presently 21 stores in the Miller group operating in California, Washington, Idaho and Oregon. Mann's was added to the group in September, 1964.
    The store has been in existence as Mann's since 1910, when it was purchased by the late John C. Mann from Baker-Hutchason.
    Idaho Department Stores, a sister affiliate of Miller Stores, with headquarters in Caldwell, Idaho, operates 25 stores under the names of Keith O'Brien and Idaho Department Store in Idaho, Utah, Colorado, Washington and South Dakota.
$250,000 Project
    The quarter-of-a-million-dollar improvement program for which Harold Salter is general contractor will include a new Main Street entrance, reconstruction of the alley wall and creation of a new entrance from the alley, providing easy access to the parking at the rear of the store.
    There will be new ceilings installed on the main and second floors, new heating and air conditioning throughout with new floor coverings, fixtures, tables, show cases and display racks added, Lund stated.
    Some departments in the store will be relocated.
    R. L. Henselman, owner of the building, is participating with Mann's in the improvements.
    Henselman said today the remodeled store when completed would be among the most modern in Oregon. New heating and refrigerated air conditioning installation, he said, will involve the most modern and effective equipment that can be obtained.
Medford Mail Tribune, May 20, 1966, page 1



Last revised February 6, 2017