The truth about Joseph Lane's "slave."
Mr. Abbott, a strong pro-slavery Lane Democrat, who spurned to vote for a Republican, now lays in the same bed with Watkins and Riggs, and swears they are Lane men. He is a candidate for Assessor.
"Roots" (O. T. Root), Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, May 29, 1858
Jacksonville, June 6, 1858.Editor Sentinel: Sir:--I see by reference to the Oregon Sentinel of May 29th a correspondent signed "Roots" speaks of me in the following language:--"Mr. Abbott, a strong pro-slavery Lane Democrat, who spurned to vote for a Republican--now lays in the same bed with Watkins and Briggs and swears they are Lane men."
Now this latter sentence is false--and calculated to do me injustice, and I demand the author "Roots" to come out and retract the statement, or I will expect you to give me the true name of the author, that I may apply the falsehood to the individual concerned.
J. A. ABBOTT.["Roots" will please notice and arrange the preliminaries of veracity between himself and Mr. Abbott, or we may be compelled to give his name.--Ed.]
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 12, 1858, page 2
Correspondence of the Sentinel.NEGRO KILLED.--[James] Asahel Abbott, Commissioner of Josephine County, on the 27th ult., at Kerbyville, killed a negro who was working for him. No examination was yet had; it is thought, however, that Abbott will not be held for trial.
Kerbyville, June 16, 1858.
Mr. Editor:--In your last Sentinel, dated June 12th, I see a communication from a Mr. J. A. Abbott, calling on "Roots" to explain a certain paragraph in his communication to the Sentinel of May last, viz: "Mr. Abbott, a strong pro-slavery Lane Democrat, who spurned to vote for a Republican, now lays in the same bed with Briggs and Watkins, and swears that they are Lane men." I had hoped that as the campaign was over all buncombe had been laid aside. But it seems Mr. Abbott intends to keep up the agitation, or perhaps to bring his political consistency into good repute. It was not the intention of the writer to cast any unchaste reflection on Mr. Abbott's character when he said that "he now lays in the same bed with Watkins and Briggs," but simply referred to his course during the last campaign. It is an undeniable fact that Mr. Abbott approached a number of [illegible] Democrats to ascertain what [illegible] of success he would have [illegible] on the Independent ticket [illegible] candidate for Representative [illegible] Holton, the regular Democratic nominee. Now, on this Independent [illegible] on which Mr. Abbott intended to become a candidate, Mr. Briggs was placed as a candidate for Senate and Dr. Watkins as County Judge, and Mr. Abbott was afterwards placed as a candidate for Assessor, and received the support of the friends of the whole ticket, and none others. The foregoing are the reasons why I said that Mr. Abbott "now lays in the same bed with Briggs and Watkins, and swears that they are Lane men." With these few remarks I will leave Mr. Abbott, hoping that he will be satisfied with the explanation.
O. T. ROOT.Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, June 19, 1858, page 2
Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, August 9, 1862, page 3
A colored man named Alfred Lorry was killed on the 27th of July, 1862, by James A. Abbott of Kerbyville. The colored man was intoxicated and riding his horse up and down the main street [and] finally attempted to ride the horse into the front door of Sawyer's saloon. Being unable to get the horse into the saloon door he tied it to the doorknob and entered the saloon, where he helped himself to a tin cupful of liquor. Abbott was in the saloon at the time and followed the negro outside. Meanwhile the negro had mounted his horse and Abbott cautioned the negro to go home. Abbott had meanwhile gotten into a wagon when the negro dismounted and walked toward Abbott, whereupon Abbott struck at him with the small end of the buggy whip. The negro seized the whip out of Abbott's hand and struck Abbott. Abbott backed up toward the saloon and drew his bowie knife and scabbard, stabbing the negro.
Unattributed photocopy, Josephine County Historical Society Abbott family vertical file. The copy appears to be from a book of typed historical anecdotes, possibly from the James T. Chinnock papers.
James Asahel Abbott, 1867
In that year of '62 we moved to Josephine County, coming through the Cow Creek Canyon on Christmas Day. Father rented a place on Deer Creek, where we lived for a time, then moved to the place where Dryden is now.
I went to school first there in an old house at the foot of the hill where the cemetery is now. Our teacher was Ella Watters, who boarded at the home of "Ace" Abbott. Lollie, Lana and Willie Abbott all came to that school.
Later the Abbotts moved north. They had slaves, a negro man and wife. The negro man was killed, and they took the negress north. The negroes had two children--little Lou and little Abe. Abbott gave the little boy Abe to General Joe Lane of Roseburg. The Abbotts kept the little negro girl.
Margaret Brown Knox, in "Mrs. Knox Says Negro Slaves in County in '60s," Grants Pass Courier, April 3, 1935, page 10
Be it remembered that at a County (Commissioners) Court of Josephine County State of Oregon, begun and held in Kerbyville in special session on Thursday June 2nd A.D. 1864, one thousand eight hundred sixty four at which were present Hon. B. F. Holsclaw County Judge, John McBriarty Commissioner, Gustaf Wilson Clerk and Jefferson Howell Sheriff, at which the following proceedings were had.
Thursday June 2nd A.D. 1864It affirming to the Court that Louisa Waldo and Peter Waldo, negro minor children under the age of fourteen years, are likely to become chargeable in the County because they have no father and they are abandoned by their mother, and have no parent competent to act, and the mother neglects and refuses to support them and
Therefore ordered by the Court that the said Louisa Waldo be and remain bound as apprentice to said James A. Abbott until she becomes of the age of eighteen years to wit until 24th day of June A.D. 1879 and that the said Peter Waldo be and remain bound also to the said James A. Abbott until he becomes to the age of twenty-one years to wit the first day of July A.D. 1883.
Josephine County Commissioners Journal, Vol. 1, 1858 to June 2, 1864, pages 285-286. Thanks to Susan Abbott-Jamieson.
Know all men by these presents that we jointly and severally bind ourselves to Peter Waldo, a minor negro of the age of one year and eleven months, in the sum of five hundred dollars, sealed with our seals and dated this 2nd day of June A.D. 1864.
The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas the said Peter Waldo has no father and has been abandoned by their [sic] mother and has no parent competent to act and the said Peter Waldo is likely to become chargeable to the county and the said Peter Waldo having agreed through his guardian, C. R. Short, and do hereby agree to serve James A. Abbott as an apprentice faithfully until he becomes of the age of twenty-one years, to wit, until the first day of July A.D. 1883, with the approbation and consent of the County Judge and the County Commissioner of Josephine County, Oregon.
And in consideration thereof the [undersigned] James A. Abbott agrees that during said term he will teach the said Peter Waldo to read, write and cipher and at the end of said term to pay the said Peter Waldo twenty-five dollars.
In witness whereof we, James A. Abbott and C. R. Short, guardian of said Peter Waldo, Benj. F. Holsclaw, County Judge, and John McBriarty, County Commissioner, have hereunto set our hands and seals on the day and year above written.
[signed]Transcribed from a photocopy of the original in the Douglas County Museum Lane vertical file G-21 The 1860 Census lists Charles R. Short as a 26-year-old unmarried butcher, born in Delaware, living in Kerbyville.
J. A. Abbott
B. F. Holsclaw, Co. Judge
Jno. McBriarty, Co. Commr.
C. R. Short
Roseburg, Douglas Co Ogn
August 25, 1864
Know all men by these presents that I, James A. Abbott, of the County of Josephine, state of Oregon, do hereby constitute and appoint Gen. Joseph Lane our attorney in fact and agent to take charge of our negro boy named Peter Waldo, who has been apprenticed to me by the County Court of Josephine Co., Oregon, the said Joseph Lane to undertake and perform all the duties that I assumed in regard to the said Peter Waldo, for the full performance of the said duties I have received sufficient security. And I hereby authorize the said Joseph Lane to use such authority, receive in services, perform the required duties and do all other things in the premises as fully as I could do if personally present. Hereby satisfying all his acts in that behalf.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written.
James A. Abbott
WitnessDeer Creek Precinct, Douglas County, Oregon
L. F. Mosher
Joseph Lane Papers, Reel 8
F. 25. No snow last night. Hazy morning, sun showed himself dimly till 12 M [sic--"Meridian"]. Clouded & commenced snowing hard. Continued till 2 P.M. then moderate till 4 and turned to rain wind S. blowing hard. Still raining at 7--chopped rail timber. John bored & fired log--M. hewed footlog & went to Coy's. Pete's hands got very red.
S. 10. Rained lightly last night. Clear at sunrise this morning; soon after fog drops; fog disappeared at 12 M. Beautiful afternoon. John returned, M. to Coy's and returned. Mrs. Lane & Pete walked to the Dearborn place, saw Jo's heifer.
Sa. 23. Very light sprinkle of snow fell in the night. Cloudy & cold in the morn. At 9½ A.M. cow Lady had a calf. At 10 A.M. quite cold & dreary. M. gone to Ch. Some snow fell in the afternoon. Snowing at 7. Pete dragged up firewood. John hunted and took care of cattle. Coy called to get balm [of] Gilead.
"Memoranda," Joseph Lane's farm journal, Joseph Lane Papers, reel 8. The journal covers January 1 through June 3, 1867. There are no other mentions of Peter Waldo in the journal, but Mrs. Lane was mentioned only two times more than Peter.
Roseburg--or ratherMy Dear Eugene,
Strawberry Hill, Novr. 21--1869
I thank you for your letter and am gratified to find that you write a very good letter. I am glad your mother got home without accident and in good health. As a daughter we are proud of her, and as a mother I am sure you are equally proud of her. She deserves the love of all. Your grandmother is with us at home and has been for two weeks. She has improved in strength and in mind, though she is not able to walk without help, nor has she any use of her left arm or hand. I and Pete have a busy time attending to her and the work outside. I rest but little; thus far we have done well. Mother has wanted for nothing and is improving and contented. Frank has been staying with us one week, and Virginia stayed four days. We have plenty and live as well as anyone could without a good cook. I have had two letters from your Uncle John in the last thirty days. The mines are paying very well. They will have their water ditch completed ere long; that done and they think they will be able to take out five hundred dollars per day or more until they take out a million. As for myself I have no doubt but they will realize several hundred thousand dollars. I know nothing of Jo Ben; have heard nothing. I hope he is doing well. Lafayette is giving his attention to the law and I understand had one side of every case at the last term of court. Say to Annie that her stock of cattle are doing well, though I have not yet got up the red heifer and her calf but will do so as soon as possible. Except Mother, our folks are all well. I trust this will find you, your mother, father and sister all well. Give my love to them--and my kind regards to your teacher Mr. Johnson. I am glad to be remembered by him.
May God bless, protect and prosper you is the sincere prayer of your old grandfather.
Write often and don't think hard if I fail to answer promptly. I have but little time, and in the winter I cannot always have an opportunity of sending letters to the post office.
Transcribed from a photocopy of the original in the Douglas County Museum Lane vertical file G-21
And there was "Ace" Abbott. In the early '50s, when I first knew him, he was a good man, but something of a bluffer. He lived south of us, in the same county, near Kerbyville. He, too, had to get his man with a gun--I think he was a colored man. Abbott was tried and turned loose by a "lower court," but his life was wrecked.
Billy Abbott carried the mail on horseback, and stopped with us in the fall of '55, during the war. They all came up here [to the Boise area] in '63 and settled in Garden Valley. At Placerville[, Idaho] one day, "Ace" got into a shooting scrape with others. When the smoke cleared away it was found that he had killed his brother, Billy. Abbott was again tried by the "lower court" and swung clear. He sent for me to come up and buy his ranch, in the winter of 1870. I went up and found two feet of snow and did not purchase it. Abbott sold it in 1871 or '72, left the country and went to Texas, where he could get rid of his troubles, as he thought, but alas! the poor deluded man found a judgment hanging over him from a higher court, that said: "Thou shalt not kill." It set him crazy--conscience would not down, so he passed in his checks, going via the double-barreled shotgun route. Oh! if men would only stop to think!
JAMES H. TWOGOOD."Thou Shalt Not Kill," Evening Capital News, Boise, Idaho, December 7, 1907, page 10
Boise, December 6, 1907.
A Terrible Tragedy.
On last Saturday evening Placerville was the scene of one of the most terrible tragedies that we have ever been called upon to chronicle, and which resulted in the instant death of one young man and the death of another a few hours afterwards. It appears that a feud existed between J. A. Abbott, more familiarly known as Asa Abbott, who lives on a ranch on Upper Payette Valley, and a young man named David H. Hannor, who for some time past has been engaged in mining on Granite Creek or in that vicinity. The parties had not met for about two months before, and, as we are informed, the bitter feeling between them became more intensified in consequence of some rough language made use of by J. A. Abbott in the Democratic county convention, which met at Centerville on the 23rd of last April, when Hannor's name was placed before the convention for the nomination for school superintendent. Asa Abbott and his brother, Wm. M. Abbott, and one ----- Curlen, who has been in the employ of the Abbotts at their ranch, came to Placerville, which is about twelve miles distant from the ranch, and they met young Hannor in the plaza, near the store of Wm. Lynch. Some words were exchanged between Asa Abbott and Hannor, the former standing by his mule, while Wm. Abbott was standing near Hannor talking to him also, Curlen being off somewhat to one side during the conversation. Hannor stepped forward and pistols were drawn. Hannor was shot in the back of the head, and another shot fired by Asa Abbott struck him in the center of the forehead. Hannor managed to fire twice at Asa Abbott and the third time his pistol went off into the ground as he fell. Asa Abbott fired some three or four shots altogether, and one ball, which was intended for Hannor, took effect in the body of Wm. Abbott, who was standing in the rear of Hannor, striking him about the center of the abdomen. Hannor died almost instantly, and Wm. Abbott lingered until about eleven o'clock p.m., when he also expired. Curlen, though he had his pistol out, we are informed did not fire, someone interfering to prevent him. These are about the main facts in regard to this terrible affair, as we have received them from persons who were present.
A coroner's inquest was held on the remains of the two persons killed, and a post mortem examination made by Dr. C. E. Freeman, of Centerville, who extracted the balls, which we believe are in the possession of Justice Eagan, acting coroner, to be used on the trial of Asa Abbott and Curlen, who were arrested shortly after the shooting and are in custody of the officers of the law.
(The verdicts of the jury were in accordance with the above facts.)
David H. Hannor, one of the young men who met with such a tragic fate, was a native of Cooper County, Missouri, and we believe was about twenty-four years of age. We have known him from his childhood, and whatever of blame, if any, attaches to him for the part he took in this dreadful affair, resulting so terribly to him, we can say that otherwise he sustained an unblemished character. His funeral took place under the auspices of the Good Templars, of which order he was a member, and it was the largest which has ever taken place in that portion of the county, evidencing the estimation in which he was held by all with whom he was acquainted.
Wm. Abbott was a native of Indiana, and we believe about thirty-five years of age, and it will be a sad blow to his aged mother to hear not only of his death, but of the circumstances under which it was brought about.--Idaho World.
Idaho Statesman, Boise, July 2, 1870, page 3
Another murdering affair occurred in Placerville, Boise County, on last Sunday evening, June 26th. The parties interested were J. A. Abbott, Wm. Abbott and Floyd Curlin as against one David Hannor, from what we can learn. It appears that an old feud had existed for some time between J. A. Abbott and David Hannor, in regard to the former's family. On the evening mentioned, the four persons met on or near the public square in Placerville, when shooting commenced between the Abbott brothers against Hannor. Wm. Abbott was shot in the abdomen (by whom it is not yet known) and died in a few hours. Hannor was shot in the forehead and also behind the ear. He died almost instantly. Hannor is spoken of as a fine young man of exemplary habits, and liked by all who knew him. He was from Brownsville, Missouri. J. A. Abbott and Curlin were arrested and taken to jail in Idaho City immediately after the affray, when they waived an examination for the time being. Hannor was buried at Placerville on Monday, and Wm. Abbott was to have been buried at Idaho City last evening.--Chronicle, June 29.
Owyhee Avalanche, Silver City, Idaho, July 2, 1870, page 2
THE PLACERVILLE TRAGEDY.--A couple of weeks ago we published an account of the recent killing of Abbott and Hannor at Placerville. From additional particulars in the Idaho World, we learn that besides killing David Hannor, J. A. Abbott fired the shot that killed his brother William, thus making the affair a fratricide as well as a double homicide. J. A. Abbott and Curlen, who was in some manner implicated in the shooting, were brought to Idaho City, waived an examination and were committed to jail to await the action of the grand jury.
Owyhee Avalanche, Silver City, Idaho, July 16, 1870, page 1
Pioneer City, Boise County, Idaho:
Rowland H. Robb, 37, dairyman
Louisa Robb, 39
Louisa Waldo, 9, mulatto, born in Oregon. Mother of foreign birth, attending school
U.S. Census, enumerated August 20, 1870 Louisa was Peter's sister.
Joseph Lane, 69, farmer
Mary Lane, 63
Peter Waller [sic], 9, white, born in Oregon
U.S. Census, enumerated September 8, 1870
October 5, 1870, we the undersigned have baptized in St. Stephen's Church, Peter Waldo, born on the 1st of July, 1862, of a negro mother. Sponsor: General J. Lane.
L. H. Wenenger, Pt.Register of St. Stephen's Church, Roseburg, from Catholic Church Records of the Pacific Northwest: Roseburg Register and Missions, Binford & Mort 1986, pages 24-26. Peter was baptized with two daughters of John C. Floed and Sarah Lane, Joseph Lane's granddaughters.
People vs. James A. Abbott; indicted for murder of Wm. Abbott; nolle prosequi entered in this case, and defendant ordered to be discharged from custody.
People vs. Lloyd Curlin; indicted as an accessory before the fact of the killing of David Hannor and Wm. Abbott; nolle prosequi entered in each case and defendant ordered to be discharged from custody.
"Boise County," Idaho Statesman, Boise, November 5, 1870, page 2
Hon. James A. Abbott, formerly a member of the Idaho Legislature, and for five years probate judge in Oregon, committed suicide recently at Denison. The Journal says:
"The Judge has been for some time laboring under a mental delusion, the cause of which has never been made known. He was a good husband and a kind father, and was well provided with this world's goods, but since he came from the mountains he has been subject to fits of despondency, and while laboring under one of these hallucinations he took a pistol and deliberately shot himself through the forehead, the ball passing through the front part of the head, lodged in the interim of the cerebellum, from the effects of which death put an end to his existence eight days after."
"State Items," Dallas Weekly Herald, Texas, January 11, 1873, page 2
Have killed my hogs but one and salted the pork and rendered our lard. The pig that we are still feeding is large, say 300 lbs. The six killed were 8 months, very fat. Ere long I will kill a beef. Pete has killed two very fine deer.
Joseph Lane, letter to his son Nathaniel Lane, November 22, 1876, Joseph Lane Papers, Reel 8
Mountain homeMy Dear Simon,
With all my heart I thank you for your letter of the 10th inst. It takes a heavy load from my mind. Now I will be able to soon to close my cares and labors on this old ranch. As soon as my brother comes and takes charge of the ranch and Pete, I will go to town, build a small house and board among my children.
Your letter settles me for life, my claim against you including $350 paid.
How (in cattle to Ratliff) Is ($1500) fifteen hundred dollars, pay to Floed & Co. for me;
in other words deposit with them for your old father. And may God bless you and yours.
Joseph LaneSimon R. Lane Esqr.
Transcribed from a photocopy of the original in the Douglas County Museum Lane vertical file G-21. The second line of the second paragraph is clearly written; I don't understand it either.
STATE vs WALDO
A Charge of Robbery.
Peter Waldo, a mulatto boy aged seventeen, was examined last Tuesday before Abraham Rose, Justice of the Peace, on a charge of larceny of a watch, locket and money from the person of E. Livingston. F. P. Hogan appeared for the state and L. F. Mosher for the defense. As the lad is well known in this vicinity, we publish the testimony in full.
E. Livingston testified as follows: Left town on Wednesday, 6th March, to go up Deer Creek. I had on my person a centennial watch and chain and a gold locket, a pocket knife and between five and ten dollars in money. When I arrived at my brother's house I had nothing at all. I arrived at my brother's house about 4 o'clock p.m. I have since recovered my knife. Peter Waldo overtook me on the road. I was intoxicated at the time, so I asked Pete to tell my brother Newton to come down to me, and do not recollect anything else that took place while he was with me. He left me about three and a half miles from my brother's. I remained where he left me until Mr. Shaff came along, who went with me to the crossroads. Peter Waldo told me at Gen. Lane's, where he was working in the garden, that he did not have the watch. I said I thought he took it whether he had it now or not. He said he did not know anything about it. I told him he had better tell the truth, as I knew he had the watch. He finally said he took my chain and locket. I asked why he had taken them without the watch. He said it was at the jeweler's shop. I told him it was not there; he said then that they had taken it away from there as he had left it there to be fixed. I asked him for my knife. He said he knew nothing of it, but afterwards acknowledged that he took it, and said George had it. He then went and got it and handed it to me. He denied taking any money from me, but afterward acknowledged that he took $1.50. He afterward said that he took $2. I then left him. Knife valued at $2, watch $16, locket $4.50.
Cross-examination: Do not recollect all that took place. I left town on horseback. When Peter came up I was on my hands and knees. He assisted me in getting up. Do not recollect giving him the watch. I do not recollect anything I said to him except to send him for my brother.
George Elsefelder testified as follows: Live on Gen. Lane's old place; was plowing when Peter brought me the watch and wanted me to pay him $5 for it. I refused, when he made me a present of it. He said he had got the watch from Sam Hall, at Roseburg, had traded a pistol for it. I brought the watch to town and gave it to John Lane to keep until the owner called for it. He gave me the locket also, which I disposed of in the same manner.
James Cox testified: Live on Deer Creek 8½ miles from Roseburg. On the 6th March, Peter came to my house to get Mr. Cavatt's mail, and said he was going to town. He paid me $2. I said, you owe me $3. He said he knew it but that was all he had then. On his return I gave him the mail, when he paid me another dollar. I asked him where he got the money and he said he met a man in town who owed him $8 and paid him, and said he had the balance in his pocket.
N. Livingston testified: Saw Peter on the 6th March. He told me Elijah was on the ground pretty drunk, and wanted me to come down. My brother made no mention of losing anything. The next day at his request I searched the clothes that I had taken off him when he came home and found nothing.
Cross-examination: E. Livingston is my brother. He told me that he had sent Peter to me to tell me. He was very much intoxicated at the time.
Henry Shaff testified: Overtook Livingston and took him in my wagon as far as the crossroads.
The Justice held him to answer to the grand jury, with bail fixed at $500.
The Western Star, Roseburg, March 22, 1878, page 3
Criminal case larceny by stealing from the person of another a silver watch $16.00, watch chain $2.00, gold locket $4.50, pocket knife $2.00 and sixteen ½ dollars, grand jury ruling a true bill, court ruling indictment. Jury ruling guilty, court ruling fine $25.00 and committed to county jail until fine is paid, not to exceed 12 days.
Douglas County Circuit Court Records, Book 5, 1872-1886, Genealogical Society of Douglas County 2006, page 29
Peter Waldo was arrested and brought to this city Monday, charged with malicious destruction of property. Upon examination he was bound over to await the action of the next grand jury in the sum of $200. The required bail was given.
The Western Star, Roseburg, June 14, 1878, page 3
Again in Trouble.
Peter Waldo, a negro but a short time ago discharged from the county jail, was up before Justice Rose again this week on a charge of larceny. Peter, it seems, went into a house belonging to Sampson Jones, down the river, and destroyed the contents thereof--probably for no other reason than that he had nothing else to do. Though he was bound over in the sum of $200 for larceny, it appears to us his offense comes under the heading of malicious mischief, since Pete appropriated none of the goods contained in the house to his own use.
The Douglas Independent, Roseburg, June 15, 1878, page 3
For ten years I have been living on a ranch alone--twelve years--but for ten years entirely alone. I had a little colored boy with me, and that was the only human being I had for company, unless one of the friends would drop in; it was inconvenient for them to do it too.
Joseph Lane, interview, June 21, 1878
IN DURANCE VILE.--Saturday afternoon the stentorian voice of the crier was heard from the court house, the attorneys lighted a fresh cigar, and thereupon Justice's Court was declared in session. Peter Waldo, who of late has appeared before our courts on several different occasions, was examined on a charge of breaking open a trunk and appropriating unto himself a suit of clothes. As Pete had the clothes on when arrested, the evidence was strong against him, and his honor, Justice Hursh, held him to await the action of the grand jury in the sum of $200. Failing to give bail, the festive Peter now languishes in jail.
The Western Star, Roseburg, July 12, 1878, page 3
I am in a quiet part of our pretty little town [Roseburg] near some of my children, with whom I shall take my meals and still live alone in my pleasant little home.
Joseph Lane, letter to Mrs. L. A. E. Stikeleather, July 17, 1878, Joseph Lane Papers, Reel 8
STATE vs WALDO
STATE vs WALDO et al.
OUR MITE.--By virtue of the recent term of Circuit Court, Douglas County contributed three boarders at the Oregon Penitentiary, to wit: Peter Waldo, larceny, for three years; Henry L. Hansen, larceny, five years; J. C. Engles, forgery, three years. They are all young and able-bodied men and may render the state efficient service.
The Western Star, Roseburg, November 1, 1878, page 3
FOR THE PENITENTIARY.--On Wednesday, A. W. Compton left this place, having in charge Peter Waldo, whom he was conveying to the Penitentiary, where he had been sentenced for a term of three years. Engles was taken to the same institution yesterday.
The Western Star, Roseburg, November 1, 1878, page 3
RECRUITS FROM DOUGLAS.
THREE BOARDERS FOR BUSH'S FREE LUNCH HOUSE--
H. L. HANSEN, P. WALDO AND J. C. ENGLES
Superintendent A. Bush receives three new recruits from Douglas this session. One for five, and the other two for three years each. . . . Peter Waldo is a native of Douglas County, and is a descendant, on the mother's side, of African parents. He was raised and cared for by Gen. Jos. Lane until the old gentleman could control him no longer, since which time he has been on the "ragged edge" almost continually. He too broke into a house, stole different articles and has been a continual nuisance for some time. The Judge was very lenient in giving him but three years. . . . Deputy Sheriff Cox took these parties to Salem on Thursday last and we doubt not they are now repenting of their misspent youth.
Roseburg Plaindealer, November 2, 1878, page 3
State vs. Peter Waldo; larceny. Verdict of guilty.
"Court Proceedings," The Douglas Independent, Roseburg, November 2, 1878, page 3
Garner Miner, 57, farmer
Ann E. Miner, 52
Ada C. Miner, 22
Martha E. Miner, 18
Willie M. Lynch, 10, grandson
Louisia Waldo, 18, black, servant/cook, father born Kentucky, mother South Carolina
Peter J. Mann, 52, boarder
William McFarling, 23, boarder
U.S. Census, enumerated June 10-11, 1880 A near neighbor to the Miner family was Rollin H. Robbs, with whom Louisa appeared in the 1870 Census.
Oregon State Penitentiary, Salem:
Peter Waldo, mulatto, 19, teamster, born in Oregon, parents born in Oregon
U.S. Census, enumerated June 19, 1880
Roseburg, March 30th 1881.My dear General,
I am about to cross the river of life to the shores of eternity, but cannot start without communicating the assurance of my love early earned and ever since maintained.
You as well as anyone know my disposition. Those who have been placed in my charge are the subject of solicitude. Thinking of that unfortunate negro boy Pete, now in the Penitentiary. It has occurred to me that you might make him a useful man. If you have any employment such as taking care of cattle, stock etc. & would recommend him to you. When his time expires see that he gets work of some honorable character where he may be made serviceable to himself and to his employers. Pray attend to this, my last request. I should prefer that he should become your servant.
With love for your family and yourself[The transmittal is inscribed "Written by Lafayette Lane for General Lane, his father." The addressee is most likely James Nesmith.]
I say goodbye forever.
Oregon Historical Society MSS 1146, Lane Family Letters
Peter Waldo, oysterman, residence 415 East Street
1887 San Francisco City Directory, page 1187 This must be a different Peter Waldo.
Following is the list of letters remaining uncalled for in the Roseburg P.O. Jan. 21, 1887. . . .
"Letter List," Roseburg Review, January 21, 1887, page 2
SEEKING HIS SISTER.--Peter Waldo, a colored youth, whose home is at Roseburg, Oregon, has been in town several days in course of a quest for relatives. His deceased mother's sister is Mrs. Richard Bogle, of this place. They had kept track of one another, and their meeting for the first time has been one of pleasure on both sides. The main object of Peter's search is the discovery of his sister, from whom he was separated when they were small children. The family lived at the home of Gov. Joe Lane, and after the Governor's death a man named Abbott received the little girl and took her to Nez Perce County, I.T. Afterward it is supposed she was given into the care of another family residing in the Lewiston neighborhood. Only lately has Peter been able to learn thus much of her movement, and he has possession himself of papers which will establish the identity if she be found. He hears of a young woman at Lewiston who tallies in age and some other matters with the missing girl, but whose name is different. He left for Lewiston Monday with a team to interview the girl. Mr. and Mrs. Bogle are as anxious as Peter to press the search, and will not stint expenditures necessary for its success--[Walla Walla Journal.
A colored man by the named of Waldo is in the city in search of his lost sister, he having received information in the lower country that she was in these parts.--[Lewiston Teller.
The lost sister is in this county, and has been here since 1865. Her name is Lu Waldo, and she is now a resident of Horseshoe Bend, Boise County, and has been for many years. She arrived here in '65 with Asa Abbott and family from Oregon. Judge T. S. Hart, probate judge of this county, was acquainted with the parents mentioned, including Governor Lane, and the circumstances related. Abbott, before starting for Idaho, left Peter Waldo (who previous to this lived with the Abbott family) with Gov. Lane. The Judge traveled a good portion of the distance from Oregon to this place with Abbott. The Abbott family and Lu Waldo came direct to Boise County, and not, as stated, to Nez Perce County. We have addressed a copy of this number of the World to Peter Waldo, who will now have no difficulty in finding his lost sister.
Idaho Semi-Weekly World, Idaho City, February 18, 1887, page 3
Peter Waldo Insane.
WALLA WALLA, Feb. 21.--Peter Waldo, a colored youth of Roseburg, Oregon, is sick here in the hospital, having been sent from Waitsburg, where he developed violent insanity, consequent on a broken skull of long standing. He lately returned from Lewiston, where he went in search of a sister, from whom he was separated when they were small children after the death of Governor Lane, with whom they lived.
Statesman Journal, Salem, February 23, 1887, page 4
IS SHE THE ONE?--Two weeks ago, it will be remembered by our readers, we published a quotation from the Walla Walla Journal, concerning one Peter Waldo, a colored youth, who was in search of his lost sister, and had received information answering her description of a girl in Nez Perce County, I.T. Peter visited Lewiston last week, but his visit was of no avail, for Lewiston, strange to say, possesses neither a male nor a female colored person. A party residing in Boise City has read the article, and in a letter to this office, under date of Feb. 15, says: "A man named Asa Abbott brought from Oregon some years ago a colored child. She [is] now living at Horse Shoe Bend, Boise County, Idaho. A letter addressed to T. S. Hart, probate judge, Boise County, or Gov. Stevenson, Boise City, or Hon. R. H. Robb, Horse Shoe Bend, will give all information."
Lewiston Teller, February 24, 1887, page 3
NOTES FROM WALLA WALLA.
WALLA WALLA, Feb. 21.--Peter Waldo, a colored youth of Roseburg, Oregon, is sick here in the hospital, having been sent from Waitsburg, where he developed violent insanity, consequent on a broken skull of long standing. He lately returned from Lewiston, where he went in search of a sister, from whom he was separated when they were small children after the death of Governor Lane, with whom they lived. Papers received today show that the girl is living at Horseshoe Bend, Boise County, Idaho.
Roseburg Review, February 25, 1887, page 3 This article also ran in Salem's Weekly Oregon Statesman of the same date, on page one.
Peter Waldo arrived the other day.
Horseshoe Bend correspondent, Idaho Semi-Weekly World, Idaho City, March 22, 1887, page 1
Peter Waldo, a colored "ge'man," who is pretty well known in these parts as a cultus ["bad," "worthless"] nigger, and if we mistake not was born in Boise County and claims a white man for his father, was arrested and brought before Justice Randall on Thursday last on the complaint of D. C. Coffer, a young man about twenty years old, who lives some ten miles below Boise City. The evidence showed that Waldo was at Placerville, Boise County, and got a free ride with Coffer to this valley. That while on the trip Coffer took his purse out of his pocket and Waldo snatched it out of his hand and kept it some time, but finally gave it back with ten dollars less money in it. Twenty-five dollars were in the purse, and only fifteen dollars when the purse was returned. Waldo was held in [lieu of] $1,000 [bail] to answer to the crime of robbery before the grand jury, and is now in jail.
"Saturday's Statesman," Idaho Semi-Weekly World, Idaho City, September 6, 1887, page 1
Territory, etc., vs. Peter Waldo. Defendant tried by jury and convicted of robbery. Sentence 20th inst.
"District Court Proceedings," Idaho Statesman, Boise, September 17, 1887, page 3
Chas. Stevenson, defending Peter Waldo . . . . . . 50.00
"County Commissioners Proceedings," Idaho Statesman, Boise, October 18, 1887, page 3
We have often seen justice represented as a blindfolded female, but the damsel who had charge of the scales at Boise City should consult an ophthalmologist at once. The quality of her mercy is not very well strained and droppeth like the gentle ten-ton meteor upon the victim beneath. At Boise City, recently, Peter Waldo, charged with the larceny of $10 from a teamster, got eight years at hard labor in the Territorial penitentiary; and Thos. Morrow, who attempted to murder his wife by shooting at her, got twenty days in the county jail and $100 fine. Subtract the wife from ten dollars, then divide twenty days by eight years, and--we give it up.--[Journal.
Idaho Semi-Weekly World, Idaho City, October 21, 1887, page 1
174 Waldo, Peter
Idaho State Penitentiary, 1920s
File: AR42 / 20063160 / 1009.1-4 / 174
Year: 1887 Approx. age: 27 Born: circa 1860
Jurisdiction: Ada County
Notes: AR42/20072455; AR42/20072454; AR3/20072458; AR202/20051008/p65; AR42/6/20072459/4
Inmates of the Idaho Penitentiary 1864-1947, page 19 "AR" numbers are references to Idaho State Historical Society collections--please contact me if you have access.
The Dark Wedding, As Told by Catchall.
MR. EDITOR:--Once in a while there is an oasis in the desert of life, and we found one the other day. Here it is:
MARRIED:--At Hotel de Murray, Emmett, June 25, 1888, Miss Lou Waldo to Mr. Harry Kelley. They were married after many tribulations by P. H. B. Moulton, J.P.
Both of the victims were colored. Dav [sic] McAuliff, Hammersley and the Deacon seemed to think they ought to have a hand in the fun, and for a while it look as if there would be three or four bridegrooms, but the other darkey finally got away with the blushing bride. It was an event in our humble burg. We often have somebody get married here, but the circumstances of this wedding created a flutter in high life. The bride was dressed in white cashmere, and indeed was a bride to be proud of. Horseshoe Benders came with the happy couple and stood as best sponsors. Peace to their ashes. Maybe that is not just what I ought to say, but they can guess at what I mean.
Idaho Semi-Weekly World, Idaho City, July 6, 1888, page 1
Escaped from the Penitentiary.
On Thursday evening last three men who had been regarded as "trusties" at the penitentiary escaped. They had been permitted to do outside work for some time, but [it] is probable that they made their calculations on the weather continuing warm enough so that they could trust themselves upon the prairie or in the timber without the usual protection from the weather after Thursday, which was a very pleasant day, and left the home the law had provided for them to seek other quarters. One of the escaped was John Payne, a negro, of the age of 31 years. He was 5 feet 8 inches in height, complexion dark, hair black, eyes black, teeth good, size of boot No. 10. He had a large vaccination mark on his left arm.
Peter Waldo, aged 30 years. He is five feet and eleven inches in height, weighs 200 pounds, complexion dark, hair and eyes black, size of shoe No. 9. He had a scar between his shoulders, knife mark on muscle of right arm, large knife wound over right knee, and scar on left side of his head. He is a half-breed negro.
Conrad Vesperman is a German 34 years of age. He weighs 164 pounds. His height is five feet eight inches, complexion fair, color of hair light, color of eyes blue, wears a No. 8 shoe. He has a scar 1¼ inches long on the instep of his right foot and a round scar under the point of his chin. He talks very broken.
The Peter Waldo herein mentioned was convicted in September 1887 of larceny; Conrad Vesperman in 1888 of burglary. A reward of $300 for the apprehension of the fugitives or $100 for either of them.
Idaho Register, Idaho Falls, April 18, 1890, page 2
On Sunday morning last B. K. Ninemyre, with the assistance of his brother, A. J. Ninemyre, succeeded in capturing John Payne, Peter Waldo and Conrad Vesperman, who absented themselves without leave from the penitentiary on Thursday of last week. He started out on Sunday morning at 2 o'clock, and striking their trail followed it to a haystack at the barracks. Upon examination the hay was found to have been disturbed, and B. K. Ninemyre directed his brother to make use of a pitchfork which was lying near, and prod where the prisoners were supposed to be. It had the desired effect, one prong piercing Vesperman and slightly wounding him. Then the three crawled out, and A. J. Ninemyre searched the prisoners while B. K. took care that they did not offer resistance. They had no weapons, and were marched to the jail and delivered over to the authorities about 8 o'clock in the morning. During a conversation Ninemyre had with them they said that they had not been able to obtain anything to eat since their escape.--Boise Statesman.
"Territorial," Idaho Register, Idaho Falls, April 25, 1890, page 2
The board of pardons met at the executive chambers Monday afternoon. The case of Peter Waldo, convicted of robbery about four years ago before Hon. Case Broderick, came up to be considered. Waldo took a ride with a man selling watermelons between Idaho City and this town and took his pocketbook from under the seat but restored the same in the evening, as the prosecuting witness testified, minus ten dollars. There was no more robbery in the case than arson, but the jury found a verdict of guilty and the judge gave the defendant ten years.
"Local Happenings," Idaho Statesman, Boise, October 13, 1891, page 8
Orlando Barker, the convict who escaped from the Blackfoot asylum, and who was recently rearrested at Butte, has been returned to the penitentiary. Barker's arrest was effected by a colored man named Waldo. The two men were for a long time inmates of the state prison, and Barker never missed an opportunity to abuse Waldo. He said he hated the "d----- nigger," and his actions did not belie his words. Waldo was eventually pardoned, and then he went to Butte. Barker feigned insanity and was sent to the asylum, from which institution he escaped. He proceeded to Butte, where he was seen by Waldo. The latter, still smarting from the brutal treatment inflicted upon him by Barker, informed the Butte police of the escapee's presence in that city. A search was commenced, and Waldo soon had the pleasure of placing his old enemy under arrest. Some of the convict sympathizers of Boise very bitterly denounce Waldo, but it is evident that he did the proper thing.
"Criminal Notes," Idaho Statesman, Boise, February 12, 1892, page 5
Boys may be had, and sometimes girls, for ordinary service at wages, upon indenture (to work, attend school and be brought up somewhat as your own), and children may be had for legal adoption by addressing W. T. Gardner, Supt. Oregon Boys' and Girls' Aid Society, Portland, Oregon.
Democratic Times, Jacksonville, June 23, 1893, page 3
TOO POOR TO LIVE.Weekly Oregon Statesman, Salem, December 22, 1893, page 11 Thanks to Sandra Freels.
Portland, Dec. 20.--At noon today Coroner Hughes held an inquest on the child of Ella Patton, which died yesterday at the home of Mrs. Peter Waldo, 203 South Union Avenue, East Side, at the urgent request of interrupted persons, who suspected that death ensued from unnatural causes. All persons connected with the matter are colored. The mother of the child testified, as also did Mrs. Waldo, George Smith and Dr. J. J. Kelly. The latter testified that death was due to congestion of the lungs and pleurisy. Peter Waldo substantially testified that, owing to the want of money on his part and Miss Patton's, they could not engage a doctor to treat the child when it became sick. He believed that the child might possibly have gotten well had it not been for their poverty.
The verdict was that Walter Patton came to his death from congestion of the lungs by reason of neglect because of the poverty of his guardians.
House of Representatives; Salem, Oregon
February 9, 1895
I am directed by the speaker to inform you that the house has passed house bill No. 347, a bill for an act to change the name of Peter Waldo, a colored person.
And the same is herewith transmitted to you for the consideration of the senate.
R. E. Moody, Chief Clerk
Journal of the Senate of the ... Regular Session of the Legislative Assembly of Oregon; 1895
Moores, by request--Changing name of Peter Waldo to Henry M. Loria; read third time and passed.
"In the Lower Branch," Sunday Oregonian, Portland, February 10, 1895, page 3 I've found no further mention of Loria until Peter Waldo's interment, below.
Friday afternoon a vagrant named W. M. Haskell kept the ladies of Yew Park badly frightened by calling from house to house demanding something to eat. When he reached the residence of Wm. Heinsworth on Capitol Street near Mill, he promenaded about the building a number of times, scaring Mrs. Heinsworth, who was alone, to a considerable extent. Becoming tired of such maneuverings, Mrs. Heinsworth called to Peter Waldo, who was at work nearby, to go and call policeman Latourette, who lives in that vicinity. Mr. Latourette, being on the night force, was enjoying his usual sleep but came immediately to the residence of Mrs. Heinsworth. Noticing Mrs. Heinsworth's actions, the tramp had crawled under the bridge near the residence, hoping to escape the policeman. After a short chase with the assistance of Mr. Waldo, the tramp was captured and taken to the city jail. He was brought before Recorder Edes this morning, charged with vagrancy and entered a plea of "not guilty," and his trial was set for 4 p.m. today.
"Caught Under a Bridge," Capital Journal, Salem, July 27, 1895, page 4
WALDO--To the wife of Peter Waldo, in North Roseburg, May 10, 1900, a daughter.
The Plaindealer, Roseburg, May 10, 1900, page 5
149 Mill Street, Roseburg:
Peter Waldo, Indian, 37, day laborer, born July 1862 in Oregon, parents born in Oregon
Eunice Waldo, Indian, 26, born April 1874 in Washington, father born Oregon, mother Washington, married 6 years
Alvia Waldo (son), 3, born October 1896 in Washington
Lorena Waldo, 2, born May 1900 in Oregon
U.S. Census, enumerated June 2, 1900 Both Peter and Eunice indicated they could read and write; they were living in a rented house.
Peter Waldo, Modoc, father Modoc, mother Colored, no white blood
Eunice Waldo, Modoc, father Klickitat, mother Modoc, no white blood
U.S. Census, 1900, Special Inquiries Relating to Indians
Mr. Peter Waldo is quite ill and in need of assistance."City News," The New Age, Portland, August 25, 1900, page 5
Mr. Peter Waldo is still quite ill and in need of the attention of those charitably inclined.
The New Age, Portland, September 1, 1900, page 5
Alvia Waldo, 4 years, died September 1, 1900 at Good Samaritan Hospital, Portland
Lorino Waldo, 5 months, died October 18, 1900 at 268½ East Front, Portland, "color black"
Multnomah County Poor Farm Cemetery Index
Peter Waldo, laborer, rooms 22½ Third Street North
1901 Polk's Portland City Directory, page 730
GAVE INDIAN MEDICINE.
Mrs. Morgan's Home Decorating Brings Her Before Coroner.
Unusual circumstances connected with the death of Clyde Henry Harrison Stone, 2 years old, colored, of Third and Davis streets, were considered at a coroner's inquest last night.
Mrs. Minnie Morgan, colored, who testified that she was born at Lima, Peru, and that her maiden name was Fernina Torise, said she is the baby's mother. Her first husband, the baby's father, is now in London, Eng., earning his living as a woman impersonator. The baby had been sickly from birth and suffered from throat trouble. Last Wednesday [the] witness had given Indian medicine to her baby, and Thursday morning she was surprised to find her baby dead in bed. She got a hack and asked the hackman to drive to the Terminal Depot, where her husband is employed as a porter, and told him the baby had died. They told Peter Waldo and his wife, who informed Finley, Kimball & Co., undertakers, and they in turn promised to notify the coroner. Witness did not know the name of the undertaker who took away her child's body. The first child of the witness had died suddenly, and she had given away another child for adoption. Witness was married when she was 15 years old, and had been brought to the Pacific Coast by a Spanish lady.
Mrs. Eunice Waldo, an Indian woman, testified that she gave Mrs. Morgan the Indian tablets referred to, and had doctored her own children with similar medicine.
The jury decided that the baby had died from enterocolitis, and the verdict went on to say: "It is further known to the jury that the body of the child should not have been permanently removed from the room where the child had died, that such act was unlawful, and further that the coroner should have been notified and have viewed body before said removal."
Morning Oregonian, Portland, August 10, 1901, page 7
Peter Waldo, laborer, residence in rear, 380 Front Street
1902 Polk's Salem City Directory, page 167
Local Negro Character Dead
Peter Waldo, a well-known Salem negro character, died at his home on Front Street, in this city, this morning, aged about 40 years, of consumption. Waldo has for years been a familiar figure in Salem. He was raised by Joe Lane, of Douglas County. Funeral services will be held Friday, and burial will probably be had in the Catholic cemetery.
The Daily Journal, Salem, April 10, 1902, page 4
Waldo, (Loria) Peter; Born: ?; Age: ?; Died: 10 April 1902; Buried: 11 April 1902; Priest: P. A. Olivatti; Cemetery: St. Joseph’s; Cause of Death: Consumption.
Church of St. Joseph (Catholic), Salem, Oregon; Record of Interments, 1889-1933, page 6, 1900-1902 cont.
Well-Known Salem Character.
SALEM, April 11.--Peter Waldo, a well-known local colored character, died in this city yesterday, aged about 40 years, of consumption. Waldo was raised by Hon. Joe Lane, of Southern Oregon. He had made his home in Salem for several years.
Morning Oregonian, Portland, April 12, 1902, page 4
NEGRO CHARACTER DEAD.--Yesterday's Salem Journal: Peter Waldo, a well-known Salem negro character, died at his home on Front Street, in this city, [omission?] morning, aged about 40 years, of consumption. Waldo has for years been a familiar figure in Salem. He was raised by Joe Lane, Douglas County. Funeral services will be held Friday, and burial will probably be had in the Catholic cemetery.
The Eugene Guard, April 12, 1902, page 2
WALDO.--At the family home, on Front Street, in this city, Tuesday, April 15, 1902, to Mrs. Peter Waldo. The posthumous arrival is a big bouncing boy. The father of the little fellow died last week.
Daily Capital Journal, Salem, April 15, 1902, page 4
In the notice of his death yesterday morning the Statesman reporter did not tell who Peter Waldo was. He was a colored man who has made Salem his residence for a number of years. It is said that he was raised from a little boy by General Joseph Lane. The colored people gave him quite a respectable burial yesterday. They chipped in and added several dollars to the $8 allowed by the county, and thus provided him with a neat coffin. There were more colored people in Salem yesterday than for some time before. It is perhaps not generally known by newcomers that Salem used to have quite a large proportionate colored population. In fact, there were so many back in the sixties that a public school building was provided specially for their children--the building that is now the "Little Central" school house. Even ten years or so ago, they maintained a church in North Salem, with a black preacher named George Washington White. But now there are but few colored people left here. Why this is it is hard to explain.
"Personal and General," Weekly Oregon Statesman, Salem, April 15, 1902, page 7
Colored Child Died.
A colored child named Waldo died on North Commercial Street this morning, aged two years, of brain trouble.
Daily Capital Journal, Salem, May 13, 1904, page 5
Although the political scene never ceased to intrigue Oregon's first senator, he was content, too, with the management and cultivation of his farm. He did the farm work himself, alone or with the assistance of Pete, a negro boy given him by Mrs. Waldo.
Sister M. Margaret Jean Kelly, Career of Joseph Lane, Frontier Politician, 1942, pages 190-191. Kelly cites the Autobiography as her source, but that document mentions neither Peter's name nor Mrs. Waldo.
Last revised June 26, 2017